Two 5,000-robust strike brigades for speedy deployment missions will be a central feature of the strategic defence review. Photograph: Noah Smith/Commissioned for The Guardian
David Cameron will announce two new five,000-strong strike brigades for fast deployment missions as a central feature of the government’s latest strategic defence assessment. He will also guarantee a £12bn increase in the gear price range, taking total spending to £178bn on defence gear and support more than the next decade.
In a forward to the review due to be launched by Cameron himself, the prime minister states: “At its [the method] heart is an understanding that we can’t pick in between conventional defences against state-primarily based threats and the need to have to counter threats that do not recognise national borders. Nowadays we face both and we have to respond to both.”
The enhance to defence spending comes alongside a commitment to boost the counter-terrorism price range by 30%, which will fund a range of measures like an added operations centre to permit MI5 to react far more quickly to threats in the UK.
The final defence review in 2010 is largely remembered for huge spending cuts and the new overview will include a commitment to plug gaps in the UK’s capability, including new aircraft to fly from the country’s two new Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers at present getting built by a consortium including BAE systems.
The new strike brigades are due to be ready in 2025 and are intended to project UK energy, with the capability to deploy thousands of kilometres away. Every single brigade will use the new Scout range of autos and also have access to 600 armoured automobiles.
Cameron will also announce on Monday the obtain of nine new Boeing P8 maritime patrol aircraft for surveillance, anti-submarine and anti-surface ship warfare. They will replace the Nimrod aircraft scrapped in 2010 that left a glaring hole in the potential to detect enemy submarines in UK waters, such as at the entry point to the submarine base in Faslane.
They will be designed to shield Trident submarines and the two new aircraft carriers. The maritime aircraft has been a specific request of the Royal Navy following the loss of Nimrod. These roles call for an aircraft that can carry torpedoes as effectively as being fitted with a broad range of sensors, which includes radar and sonobuoys that are operated from the rear of the cabin by a group of specialists. These aircraft will also offer maritime search and rescue and surveillance capabilities more than land.
The prime minister will also extend the life of the UK’s Typhoon aircraft for an ten additional years by way of to 2040, enabling the creation of two additional squadrons. This will imply a total of seven frontline squadrons, consisting of around 12 aircraft per squadron.
Fitted with a new active electronically scanned array radar to ensure they can continue to operate in hostile environments in the future, the Typhoons will continue at least until the generation of F-35 joint strike fighters become operational. There is also anticipated to be an increase in the number of sailors to run the two new aircraft carriers due to be operational by the finish of the parliament.
Cameron will make a point of emphasising that the UK is a single of the couple of Nato countries to meet its commitment to invest two% of GDP on defence. Setting out the case for further spending, Cameron says in a forward to the 5-yearly evaluation: “This is vital at a time when the threats to our country are developing. From the rise of Isil [Islamic State] and higher instability in the Middle East, to the crisis in Ukraine, the threat of cyber attacks and the danger of pandemics, the globe is more hazardous and uncertain these days than five years ago.
“So whilst each government should decide on how to spend the income it has offered, each penny of which is hard-earned by taxpayers, this government has taken a clear decision to invest in our security and safeguard our prosperity.”
Cameron has already stated the assessment will include £2bn more than the subsequent 5 years to bolster Britain’s unique forces for the fight against extremist groups such as Isis. It will also double its Reaper drone fleet by 2020. George Osborne also announced a 30% improve in counter-terror spending, saying it will rise from the £11.7bn number set out in the summer season spending budget to £15.1bn.
The Treasury stated the money will also be used for what it described as a national digital exploitation service “to allow the processing of seized phones, computers and devices for evidence and intelligence leads, enhancing police and intelligence agencies’ capacity to determine and disrupt prospective attacks and prosecute terrorists”. Capability to collect world wide web communications records will also be funded.
Some of the cash will be utilized to upgrade technology and enhance border police, but it will also allow enable a fusion of intelligence with the armed forced creating it simpler to take action against terrorists in hostile operating environments.