BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (AP) — President-elect Mauricio Macri’s promises to revitalize Argentina’s sagging economy with free of charge-marketplace reforms and enhance strained relations with the United States resonated with voters, carrying him to a historic win that ended 12 years of often-conflictive rule by President Cristina Fernandez and her late husband.

But when the business-friendly opposition candidate takes workplace Dec. ten, he will inherit a nation with about 30 % inflation, close to-zero financial growth and entrenched government social spending that private economists warn is not sustainable. He also lacks majorities in either chamber of Congress to pass his deep reforms.

“Macri will begin his mandate in a difficult political position,” wrote Daniel Kerner from the Eurasia Group, a political danger consultancy. “He will have to make challenging economic adjustments and face serious political constraints.”

With 98 % of the vote counted from Sunday’s election, Macri had 51.five % help compared to 48.five percent for ruling party candidate Daniel Scioli, Fernandez’s hand-selected successor. Scioli conceded defeat and Macri claimed victory.

“Nowadays is a historic day,” Macri crowed even though his supporters celebrated. “It really is the altering of an era.”

The era he hopes to end is that of Fernandez and her late husband and predecessor Nestor Kirchner who rewrote Argentina’s social contract and dominated the nation’s political scene with a mix of patronage, charisma and withering attacks on opponents. Fernandez battled international creditors, had strained relations with Washington and allied her nation with late Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and his successor Nicolas Maduro.

For the duration of the election campaign, Macri vowed he would listen much more and talk less than Fernandez.

Addressing thousands of supporters late Sunday, Macri mentioned his presidency would not be about “revenge” or “settling scores,” but rather assisting the nation progress.

“I feel so satisfied simply because today we put an finish to the mafia” of ruling party rule, stated Felisa Sanchez, a Macri supporter waving an Argentine flag. “They claimed to be Robin Hood helping the poor with social welfare plans when the poor are really helped with jobs and education.”

But fulfilling his campaign promises could prove difficult.

Macri, 56, has pledged to lift unpopular controls on the buy of U.S. dollars and as a result remove a booming black industry for currency exchange. Performing that would most likely lead to a sharp devaluation of the Argentine peso. With foreign reserves about $ 26 billion, low for such a large economy, the government would desperately need an immediate infusion of dollars.

That could come from numerous various places, but eventually would demand structural changes to a largely protectionist economy, solving a debt spat and establishing warmer relations with the United States and other nations.

And Macri’s background will feed Argentina’s political polarization after more than a decade of left-leaning government.

He hails from one of the country’s richest families and rose to prominence as president of the popular Boca Juniors soccer club. On the campaign trail, he occasionally talked about getting kidnapped in the early 1990s, an expertise he stated helped him recognize the requirements of others and he credits with pushing him into politics.

Later, as major of Buenos Aires, he was identified for a technocratic manner that stressed efficiency over style.

He campaigned for president on promises to jumpstart the economy by lifting numerous tariffs, lowering taxes and attracting foreign investment. He promised to solve a lengthy-standing New York court fight with creditors in the U.S. who Fernandez named “vultures” and has refused to negotiate with, which kept Argentina on the margins of international credit markets.

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