Honduras, Myanmar and Haiti leading a new list of nations hardest hit by two decades of storms, floods, landslides and droughts that killed more than half a million men and women, climate analysts say.
They warn of a lot more frequent disasters if Earth’s overheating can’t be tamed.
Scientists point to the mounting threat from storms, floods, droughts and increasing seas if mankind can not brake emissions from heat-trapping greenhouse gases, specially from fossil fuels.
A red-flag to negotiators from 195 countries attempting to broker a global climate-saving pact in Paris, the Bonn-based advocacy group Germanwatch released the 2016 Global Climate Risk Index showing those nations most affected by the direct consequences of extreme weather events.
Honduras, Myanmar and Haiti were the most afflicted by such disasters amongst 1995 and 2014, said the latest edition of the annual index.
Next had been the Philippines, Nicaragua, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Pakistan, Thailand and Guatemala.
Altogether, a lot more than 525,000 people died as a direct result of about 15,000 extreme climate events, the report said.
Losses amounted to a lot more than $ two.97 trillion, it stated.
Expanding hyperlink in between global warming and extreme weather
The evaluation only looked at the direct outcomes of extreme weather, it stressed, whereas the indirect consequences of intense weather such as drought and famine resulting from heatwaves can be much far more deadly.
It shows only 1 piece of the puzzle and is not a extensive index of vulnerability to climate adjust, researchers stressed.
For instance, the study does not take into account sea-level rise, glacier melting or far more acidic and warmer seas.
A increasing body of research connects international warming and extreme weather, Germanwatch stated.
“The Climate Risk Index therefore indicates a level of exposure and vulnerability to intense events that countries ought to realize as a warning to be ready for more frequent and/or more severe events in the future,” the report said.
Germanwatch urged negotiators at the UN climate conference in Le Bourget on the northern outskirts of Paris to attain a universal deal to avert a climate catastrophe.
“Paris needs to deliver a far-reaching and sturdy climate regime that safeguards impacted populations,” it warned.
Hunting at 2014 alone, the Germanwatch study showed Serbia, Afghanistan and Bosnia suffered most from intense weather events.
They were followed by the Philippines, Pakistan, Bulgaria, Nepal, Burundi, Bolivia and India.
Most of the nations who created it in the prime ten for intense weather in 2014 had suffered “exceptional catastrophes”, Germanwatch mentioned.
“Over the final few years another category of nations has been gaining relevance: Nations that are recurrently impacted by catastrophes such as the Philippines and Pakistan,” it said.
Tolls from disasters are also affected by improvement approaches, such as population development in vulnerable places and protection against intense events, professionals also caution.
Subjects: climate-adjust, atmosphere, government-and-politics, haiti, burma, honduras