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Highlights of the UN climate accord

Posted December 13, 2015 08:37:54

Envoys from 195 nations have authorized a historic pact to roll back worldwide warming and shore up defences against its impacts.

What will nations be needed to do below the terms of the Paris climate accord and how will it be funded?

The challenge

The agreement identifies climate alter as “an urgent and potentially irreversible threat to human societies and the planet”.

It notes “with concern” that countries’ current pledges to curb greenhouse-gas emissions would fail to meet targets for curbing planetary warming.

The purpose

The purpose is to hold international warming to “properly under” 2 degrees Celsius over pre-Industrial Revolution levels, and to strive for 1.5C if feasible.

Receiving there

The globe will aim for climate-altering greenhouse gas emissions to peak “as soon as attainable”, with “speedy reductions” thereafter.

By the second half of this century, there need to be a balance between the emissions from human activity such as power production and farming, and the amount that can be captured by carbon-absorbing “sinks” such as forests or carbon storage technologies.

Burden-sharing

Created nations, which have polluted for longer, must take “the lead” by taking on absolute emissions cuts.

Building nations which still want to burn coal and oil to energy expanding populations, are encouraged to enhance their efforts and “move more than time” to cuts.

Rich countries are required to offer help for developing nations’ emissions cuts.

Tracking progress

In 2018, two years prior to the agreement enters into force, nations will take stock of the all round influence of what they are doing to rein in international warming, and revisit their carbon-curbing plans in 2020.

Some nations had submitted their 1st round of targets until 2025, and other people until 2030.

As soon as the agreement requires effect, the collective effect of countries’ efforts will be reviewed at 5-year intervals from 2023.

The outcome will inform nations in “updating and enhancing” their pledges.

Finance

Created nations will offer funding to help creating countries make the expensive shift to green energy and shore up their defences against climate modify impacts like drought and storms.

Funding should be scaled up, and the agreement says rich nations need to report each two years on their finance levels — present and intended.

Moved from the legally binding core agreement to a separate non-binding “selection section”, the document refers to the $ one hundred billion a year that rich countries had pledged to muster by 2020 as a “floor”. The amount need to be updated by 2025.

Climate harm

Low-lying island nations and poor countries most at danger from climate modify-induced sea level rise and other impacts have won recognition of the want for “averting, minimising and addressing” losses suffered.

AFP

Topics: climate-modify, atmosphere, globe-politics, government-and-politics, weather, france

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