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Cheers as planet adopts historic Paris climate deal

Updated December 13, 2015 06:19:57

Climate change protesters in Paris hold a banner which reads Photo: Environmentalists hold a banner which reads, “Crank up the Action” at a demonstration in Paris (Reuters: Mal Langsdon)
Associated Story: Final wording of Paris climate pact sorted
Map: France

The global climate alter conference in Paris has adopted an international accord aimed at transforming the world’s fossil fuel-driven economy within decades and slowing the pace of worldwide warming to well under two degrees Celsius.

Important points:

  • Draft climate deal limits worldwide warming to “possibly 1.5 degrees”
  • Sets out system of 5-yearly testimonials and monitoring of each and every nation’s progress
  • Climate financing for establishing countries of at least $ 100b by 2020

French foreign minister Laurent Fabius ended almost a fortnight of gruelling talks with the bang of a gavel, marking consensus among the ministers, who stood for a number of minutes to clap and shout their joy.

“I see the room, I see the reaction is positive, I hear no objection. The Paris climate accord is adopted,” Mr Fabius declared, adding: “It may be a tiny gavel but it can do large things.”

The new treaty will commence in 2020.

Mr Fabius mentioned the deal would limit worldwide warming – which threatens humanity with increasing seas and worsening droughts, floods and storms – to “well below two degrees Celsius, probably 1.five”.

US president Barack Obama instantly tweeted: “This is enormous: Practically each and every country in the world just signed on to the #ParisAgreement on climate change.”

Foreign minister Julie Bishop spoke on behalf of the Umbrella Group of Nations, a loose coalition of developed countries not in Europe.

“Our perform right here is accomplished and now we can return property to implement this historic agreement. This is a pivotal moment,” she said.

“No nation would see this as the perfect outcome. Definitely it does not incorporate everything that we envisaged.

“However this agreement does give us a approach to operate more than coming years and decade to build the strong and successful action the planet wants.”

As he released the final wording, Mr Fabius urged nations to sign up to the treaty saying: “If today we were to fail, how could we rebuild this hope? Trust would be irrevocably lost and beyond that the really credibility of multilateralism and the international community as an entity able to respond to challenges. This is what is at stake.”

Setting a broad purpose of eliminating the net boost in man-created greenhouse gas emission this century, the agreement does not mandate specific measures or targets.

Rather, it creates a system for ensuring nations make great on voluntary domestic efforts to curb emissions, and offers billions far more dollars to aid poor nations cope with the transition to a greener economy.

“This text contains the principal components that we did feel just before would be impossible to attain. It is differentiated, fair, sturdy, dynamic, balanced and legally binding,” Mr Fabius mentioned.

For the initial time, a limit of 1.5C has been locked into the treaty following a concerted push by tiny island nations who stated their very existence was threatened if the planet limited international warming to 2C.

The treaty said the globe will be “holding the increase in the global typical temperature to properly beneath 2C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature enhance to 1.5 C above pre-industrial levels, recognising that this would considerably minimize the risks and impacts of climate adjust”.

Kellie Caught from WWF Australia was among the several environment groups that hailed the move.

“By which includes a long-term temperature aim of effectively below 2C of warming with a reference to a 1.5C objective, the newest draft text sends a sturdy signal that governments are committed to becoming in line with science,” she mentioned.

“What we need now is for their actions, like emission reductions and finance, to add up to delivering on that objective.”

The United Nations negotiations on climate modify have been moving incrementally considering that 1992.

In 1997 the the world’s most significant emitters of climate changing greenhouse gases signed up to the Kyoto Protocol, but it was an agreement constantly fraught with disagreement.

With its scheduled conclusion in 2012, the planet scrambled to find a replacement. The negotiations in 2009, held that year in Copenhagen, had been highly anticipated, but ended in chaos and disappointment. In the lead up to this year’s meeting, the French hosts worked challenging to keep away from the identical conclusion.

The standing ovation provided to Mr Fabius, the head of the meeting, was testament to the powerful progress of the meeting.

Scientists have warned for decades that the boost in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere – largely from burning coal oil and gas – would lead to a lot more of the Sun’s heat getting trapped on Earth. This year is shaping up to be the hottest year on record, with 2014 the earlier record holder.

Outside the plenary on the streets of Paris, thousands of demonstrators wore red to signify the red line they did not want the globe to cross.

External Link: Read the complete draft agreement
External Hyperlink: COP21 deal storify

ABC/Wires

Subjects: climate-alter, atmosphere, government-and-politics, weather, france

First posted December 12, 2015 22:03:50

Agen Sabung Ayam

UN adopts climate-saving draft as stars add voices to call for change

Updated December 06, 2015 09:05:44

Negotiators from 195 nations have delivered a blueprint for a pact to save mankind from disastrous worldwide warming, raising hopes that decades of arguments will finally finish with a historic agreement in Paris.

cop21 blueprint crucial points

The planned deal would aim to break the world’s dependence on fossil fuels for energy, slashing the greenhouse gas emissions from burning oil, coal and gas that are causing temperatures to rise dangerously.

Tortuous UN negotiations dating back to the early 1990s have failed to forge unity amongst rich and poor nations, and the Paris talks are being described as the “final, very best chance” to save mankind.

They started on Monday with a record-breaking gathering of 150 world leaders who sought to energise the method, and the subsequent critical phase ended on Saturday with the adoption of a draft text of an agreement.

Negotiators finalised the draft following an typically tense week of talks at a conference centre in Le Bourget on the northern outskirts of Paris.

Whilst several really contentious points still have to be resolved by ministers in the course of a scheduled 5 days of talks beginning on Monday, delegates mentioned they felt the foundations had been laid for accomplishment.

“We are really content to have this progress. The political will is there from all parties,” said China’s chief climate envoy, Su Wei.

Right after the draft was adopted to loud applause, South African negotiator Nozipho Mxakato-Diseko drew on her nation’s revered democracy icon in a bid to inspire other individuals.

“In the words of Nelson Mandela, it always seems impossible till it is done,” she said.

Schwarzenegger utilizes farm childhood to urge globe to go green

Arnold Schwarzenegger with solar panels Photo: “My brother and I walked 200 metres to the properly to get our family’s source of water for drinking and for bathing every single day,” Mr Schwarzenegger says. (AFP: Hector Mata)

Arnold Schwarzenegger has recalled a childhood of milking cows in the rain and drawing water from a nicely as he named for the planet to turn to clean power and shield the world’s environment from international warming.

The former California governor and action movie star harked back to his Austrian upbringing as he known as for action in an address to international politicians in Paris, on the sidelines of a UN conference where negotiators are searching for a worldwide climate-saving accord.

“A single of my chores was each and every morning at six o’clock to go to the farm subsequent door and to milk the cow and to bring home the milk,” he stated.

“It did not matter what the weather was — no matter whether it was cold, it was hot, raining, thunder, shower, what ever.

“My brother and I walked 200 metres to the properly to get our family’s source of water for drinking and for bathing every single day.

“We played in the fields, we swam in the streams and the lake — the environment was absolutely almost everything to us,” he added.

In his “idyllic” childhood, Mr Schwarzenegger stated he could in no way have imagined a globe in which humanity would dump 40 billion tonnes of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.

“But I also could not have imagined that a single day I would grow to be governor of the excellent state of California, the eighth largest economy in the planet and that I would have the power to do one thing about it,” he stated.

He pressed decision-makers at every single level to turn to wise, clean energy sources.

“This is the challenge of our time and this is the real globe,” he stated.

“This is not the film globe which is the other globe that I come from.

“There are no visual effects right here, no unique effects, there is no script writing that we can adjust for a greater ending — nothing like that.”

‘Most fascinating time’ in human history

Schwarzenegger was one particular of much more than 50 celebrities committed to fighting climate change, from US actor Sean Penn to Chinese net tycoon Jack Ma, who gathered at the conference on Saturday to support construct momentum.

Actor Sean Penn at COP21 Photo: Actor Sean Penn is one of the personalities lobbying for measures to fight climate alter. (Reuters: Stephane Mahe)

“Possibly this is the most exciting time in human history,” Mr Penn told a unique event at the conference.

“These illusions of getting too a lot of tough options have usually designed chaos. Now we reside in a time where there are no options. We have certainty.”

Scientists warn our planet will turn into increasingly hostile for mankind as it warms, with increasing sea levels that will consume islands and populated coastal regions, as effectively as catastrophic storms and serious droughts.

Tiny island nations most vulnerable to rising sea levels and stronger storms, which are frequently railroaded by the powerful in the UN talks, also expressed cautious optimism about the draft agreement.

Palau’s president Tommy Remengesau Jr said Pacific nations had been currently living “the frontline effect of climate alter” and it will a matter of time before the rest of the world felt the very same, if no deal was struck.

Pacific nations living the 'frontline impact' of climate changeVideo: Pacific nations living the ‘frontline impact’ of climate modify (The Globe)

“We would have wished to be additional along than we are at this point, but the text getting forwarded so far reflects our important priorities,” mentioned Thoriq Ibrahim from the Maldives and chair of the Alliance of Tiny Island States.

No a single in Le Bourget even so, is beneath the illusion that a December 11 deal is guaranteed.

There are vivid memories of the spectacular failure at the 2009 climate talks in Copenhagen, the final time the world tried to develop a global warming pact.

“At this point in Copenhagen we were dealing with a 300-page text and a pervasive sense of despair. In Paris we’re down to a slim 21 pages and the atmosphere remains constructive,” Greenpeace climate professional Martin Kaiser stated.

“But that does not assure a decent deal. Right now the oil-generating nations and the fossil fuel business will be plotting how to crash these talks.”

AFP

Topics: atmosphere, climate-alter, weather, environmental-management, france

First posted December 06, 2015 08:50:57

Agen Sabung Ayam

Russia adopts retaliatory economic measures against Turkey over jet downing

Posted November 29, 2015 08:23:07

Russian president Vladimir Putin has signed a decree adopting a series of retaliatory financial measures against Turkey more than the downing of a Russian warplane on the Syrian border.

The sanctions are “aimed at making sure national security and that of Russian citizens” and incorporated a ban on charter flights between the two countries and on Russian organizations hiring any new Turkish nationals as nicely as import restrictions on particular Turkish goods, according to a text of the decree released by the Kremlin.

Earlier, Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan had expressed “sadness” more than an incident which has severely strained relations, saying that “we want it had never occurred”.

The new measures come into effect from January 1, according to the decree which adds that “organisations below Turkish jurisdiction” will also locate their capability to operate in Russia curtailed.

Additionally, particular varieties of goods from the Turkish republic will be topic to “bans or limitations”. The list of impacted goods has not but been created public.

The Kremlin’s press service said Mr Putin had also instructed the government to “define a list of goods and solutions to which the financial measures against [Ankara] do not apply.”

It added that alongside “measures banning charter targeted traffic amongst Russia and Turkey” Mr Putin urged Russian tour operators to “refrain from proposing goods to Russian citizens involving a pay a visit to to Turkish territory”.

In addition, Turkish airlines will have to undergo increased controls in Russia “for safety causes”.

The decree also officially confirms that Turks will have to apply for visas to check out Russia, a move which foreign minister Sergei Lavrov had announced Friday.

Tuesday’s downing of a Sukhoi 24 jet on the border with Syria has caused a crisis in bilateral relations.

NATO member Turkey blasted the Russian jet out of the sky soon after claiming it crossed into its airspace and ignored several warnings to change course, but Mr Putin furiously denied the claims and demanded an apology which Mr Erdogan has rejected.

Mr Putin, whose government supports the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad whereas Ankara backs rebels fighting to topple him, described the incident as a “stab in the back committed by accomplices of terrorists”.

AFP

Map comparing conflicting flight path of the downed Russian jet Photo: Map comparing Turkey and Russia’s conflicting flight path of the Russian aircraft that was shot down, which Turkey says violated their airspace. (Reuters: SIN07)

Subjects: government-and-politics, community-and-society, globe-politics, unrest-conflict-and-war, turkey, russian-federation

Agen Sabung Ayam