Tag Archives: Deal

One word virtually unravelled the Paris climate deal

Updated December 13, 2015 09:13:46

The acceptance of the Paris agreement was met with cheers that rang across La Seine, the specially-constructed hall for the historic talks.

The voice of the English translator broke with emotion as she relayed the words of the host, French foreign minister Laurent Fabius.

It was followed by laudatory speeches from leaders around the world.

The head of the UN climate change body Christiana Figueres gave a speech that had her staff dancing in the aisles.

But just a few hours before the celebrations, there was a crisis that nearly saw the entire deal unravel agonisingly close to its conclusion.

The sharp-eyed legal advisers in the United States delegation noticed something had changed between the penultimate draft and the final version being presented.

Where the word “should” had been used in all previous drafts, the word “shall” was, for some unknown reason, now in its place.

It was a seemingly small error — but one with enormous implications.

“Should” implies a moral obligation but does not compel a nation to do something. “Shall”, however, means there would be a legal obligation to undertake the action.

If the final text used the word “shall” in the wrong place, it would require the Americans to get congressional approval — something universally acknowledged as impossible.

If it was not changed, the US would never be able to sign on and China would then no sign on to something to which the Americans were not a party.

But it was not a simple matter of fixing the text.

Some African nations saw it as a serious change that required re-opening the negotiations.

The Nicuraguans, who are opposed to the deal, saw it as an opportunity to make gains. Suddenly, the deal was falling apart.

It took interventions at the highest level, with both US president Barack Obama and Cuba’s leader Raul Castro making phones calls to the Nicaraguans to get them to back down.

The ABC has been told China played a significant role in lobbying African nations to allow the last-minute changes.

The pressure worked. The “shalls” were changed back to “shoulds”, the text was put to the plenary and accepted.

A narrow miss that nearly saw a grammatical error bring down a world-wide agreement.

Topics: world-politics, climate-change, environment, weather, france, united-states

First posted December 13, 2015 09:10:18

Agen Sabung Ayam

Cheers as planet adopts historic Paris climate deal

Updated December 13, 2015 06:19:57

Climate change protesters in Paris hold a banner which reads Photo: Environmentalists hold a banner which reads, “Crank up the Action” at a demonstration in Paris (Reuters: Mal Langsdon)
Associated Story: Final wording of Paris climate pact sorted
Map: France

The global climate alter conference in Paris has adopted an international accord aimed at transforming the world’s fossil fuel-driven economy within decades and slowing the pace of worldwide warming to well under two degrees Celsius.

Important points:

  • Draft climate deal limits worldwide warming to “possibly 1.5 degrees”
  • Sets out system of 5-yearly testimonials and monitoring of each and every nation’s progress
  • Climate financing for establishing countries of at least $ 100b by 2020

French foreign minister Laurent Fabius ended almost a fortnight of gruelling talks with the bang of a gavel, marking consensus among the ministers, who stood for a number of minutes to clap and shout their joy.

“I see the room, I see the reaction is positive, I hear no objection. The Paris climate accord is adopted,” Mr Fabius declared, adding: “It may be a tiny gavel but it can do large things.”

The new treaty will commence in 2020.

Mr Fabius mentioned the deal would limit worldwide warming – which threatens humanity with increasing seas and worsening droughts, floods and storms – to “well below two degrees Celsius, probably 1.five”.

US president Barack Obama instantly tweeted: “This is enormous: Practically each and every country in the world just signed on to the #ParisAgreement on climate change.”

Foreign minister Julie Bishop spoke on behalf of the Umbrella Group of Nations, a loose coalition of developed countries not in Europe.

“Our perform right here is accomplished and now we can return property to implement this historic agreement. This is a pivotal moment,” she said.

“No nation would see this as the perfect outcome. Definitely it does not incorporate everything that we envisaged.

“However this agreement does give us a approach to operate more than coming years and decade to build the strong and successful action the planet wants.”

As he released the final wording, Mr Fabius urged nations to sign up to the treaty saying: “If today we were to fail, how could we rebuild this hope? Trust would be irrevocably lost and beyond that the really credibility of multilateralism and the international community as an entity able to respond to challenges. This is what is at stake.”

Setting a broad purpose of eliminating the net boost in man-created greenhouse gas emission this century, the agreement does not mandate specific measures or targets.

Rather, it creates a system for ensuring nations make great on voluntary domestic efforts to curb emissions, and offers billions far more dollars to aid poor nations cope with the transition to a greener economy.

“This text contains the principal components that we did feel just before would be impossible to attain. It is differentiated, fair, sturdy, dynamic, balanced and legally binding,” Mr Fabius mentioned.

For the initial time, a limit of 1.5C has been locked into the treaty following a concerted push by tiny island nations who stated their very existence was threatened if the planet limited international warming to 2C.

The treaty said the globe will be “holding the increase in the global typical temperature to properly beneath 2C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature enhance to 1.5 C above pre-industrial levels, recognising that this would considerably minimize the risks and impacts of climate adjust”.

Kellie Caught from WWF Australia was among the several environment groups that hailed the move.

“By which includes a long-term temperature aim of effectively below 2C of warming with a reference to a 1.5C objective, the newest draft text sends a sturdy signal that governments are committed to becoming in line with science,” she mentioned.

“What we need now is for their actions, like emission reductions and finance, to add up to delivering on that objective.”

The United Nations negotiations on climate modify have been moving incrementally considering that 1992.

In 1997 the the world’s most significant emitters of climate changing greenhouse gases signed up to the Kyoto Protocol, but it was an agreement constantly fraught with disagreement.

With its scheduled conclusion in 2012, the planet scrambled to find a replacement. The negotiations in 2009, held that year in Copenhagen, had been highly anticipated, but ended in chaos and disappointment. In the lead up to this year’s meeting, the French hosts worked challenging to keep away from the identical conclusion.

The standing ovation provided to Mr Fabius, the head of the meeting, was testament to the powerful progress of the meeting.

Scientists have warned for decades that the boost in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere – largely from burning coal oil and gas – would lead to a lot more of the Sun’s heat getting trapped on Earth. This year is shaping up to be the hottest year on record, with 2014 the earlier record holder.

Outside the plenary on the streets of Paris, thousands of demonstrators wore red to signify the red line they did not want the globe to cross.

External Link: Read the complete draft agreement
External Hyperlink: COP21 deal storify

ABC/Wires

Subjects: climate-alter, atmosphere, government-and-politics, weather, france

First posted December 12, 2015 22:03:50

Agen Sabung Ayam

Climate deal imminent in ‘step forward for humanity’, France says

Updated December 12, 2015 01:28:14

French foreign minister Laurent Fabius, host of the 195-nation climate-saving talks in Paris, says he will submit a historic deal to ministers on Saturday and is specific it will be approved.

International climate modify talks have been extended beyond the official deadline in an work to secure a deal to curb worldwide warming.

“Following the consultations I will have, I will be in a position tomorrow morning at 9:00am (regional time) to present to all parties a text, which, I am confident, will be authorized and will be a massive step forward for humanity as a complete,” Mr Fabius mentioned.

“We are almost at the finish of the road and I am optimistic.”

Negotiators have spent two weeks trying to get agreement on a worldwide plan to tackle climate alter.

Mr Fabius said the talks had been extended into yet another weekend as it was taking longer than anticipated to overcome disputes.

He insisted the atmosphere was positive and important progress had been produced on Friday on some essential concerns.

Children hold letters spelling 'adieu fossil fuels' Photo: Children hold a sign saying ‘Adieu fossil fuels’ outside the conference in Paris. (ABC News: Lisa Millar)

Climate financing continues to be a sticking point

One of the most significant hurdles left to clear is an agreement on funding — who will offer funding to assist the countries most affected by climate alter, and how considerably they will contribute.

Wealthy countries promised six years ago in Copenhagen to muster $ US100 billion a year from 2020 to support creating nations make the energy shift and cope with the impact of global warming.

But how the pledged funds will be raised remains unclear and creating countries are determined to secure a commitment for rising amounts of money after 2020.

The latest text refers to the $ one hundred billion as a floor, potentially triggering a last-minute backlash from the United States and other created nations fearful of being forced to sign a blank cheque.

An additional remaining flashpoint problem is how to compensate building nations that will be worst hit by climate adjust but are least to blame for it.

The building nations are demanding “loss and harm” provisions, which Washington is particularly wary of as it fears they could make US firms vulnerable to legal challenges for compensation.

As he released the draft of the pact, Mr Fabius said a deal was “really close” but appealed for compromise from all sides.

Nations most vulnerable to climate alter had lobbied tough to limit warming to no a lot more than 1.five degrees Celsius compared with pre-Industrial Revolution levels.

Nonetheless many huge polluters, such as China and India as well as oil creating-giant Saudi Arabia, prefer a ceiling of 2C, which would let them to burn fossil fuels for longer.

The most recent draft delivers a compromise that states the objective of the agreement is to hold temperatures to effectively below 2C, but aim for 1.5C.

“With this, I would be capable to go house and inform my men and women that our likelihood for survival is not lost,” mentioned Tony de Brum, foreign minister of the Marshall Islands, one of the archipelagic nations that could be wiped out by rising sea levels.

ABC/Wires

Topics: climate-alter, environment, government-and-politics, climate, france

Very first posted December 12, 2015 00:18:ten

Agen Sabung Ayam

Palmer eyes government guarantor deal to keep refinery afloat

Posted December 10, 2015 19:31:06

Clive Palmer has insisted he is not in search of a Queensland Government bail-out for his Townsville nickel refinery.

But the higher-profile businessman and federal MP admitted he would like the state to go guarantor for a $ 35 million bank loan to preserve Queensland Nickel afloat.

Mr Palmer met with the Queensland Treasurer on Tuesday, requesting help to keep the Yabulu smelter, near Townsville, open.

Mr Palmer stated Queensland Nickel had a money flow deficit, but reiterated the firm could trade its way out of trouble.

He said he wanted to set the record straight about the future of the refinery, which has more than 700 workers.

Mr Palmer mentioned he was “personally attacked” due to the fact he was a politician, and that he had not held a director position in the business considering that becoming the Member for Fairfax in 2013.

“Just like many firms with a sturdy balance sheet and modest cash-flow deficit, Queensland Nickel approached the four major Australian banks for help,” Mr Palmer stated.

“Despite unencumbered assets of practically $ two billion, it was denied a $ 35 million overdraft by the 4 main Australian banks.

“I have been informed Queensland Nickel was told that in the present investment atmosphere they would not lend to a sources business.”

Mr Palmer mentioned Queensland Nickel’s assets totalled nearly $ two billion and that the balance sheet looked robust.

Earlier nowadays, he stated workers’ entitlements would be “properly and actually covered” regardless of what happened to the refinery.

“Banks are not supporting the resources sector — which is in a downturn cycle — as a matter of policy and this is a main difficulty,” Mr Palmer said.

“This ought to therefore be a matter of concern for each the Queensland and federal governments.

“At no time did Queensland Nickel request taxpayer funds, only a assure from the Queensland Government and for safety of the assure for $ 35 million, Queensland Nickel provided its balance sheet of practically $ two billion.

“In my assessment, this is a danger-free of charge proposition that would ensure the continued operation of the refinery.”

Topics: mining-business, state-parliament, organization-economics-and-finance, townsville-4810, qld

Agen Sabung Ayam

Tasmania to grow cannabis beneath deal with NSW for medicinal trials

Posted December 10, 2015 11:12:07

The Tasmanian Government has confirmed it is teaming up with New South Wales to discover the rewards of medicinal cannabis.

The two premiers will sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to cooperate on clinical trials, study and developing the capacity to develop cannabis crops.

Tasmania will not be contributing funding for the trial and there are few particulars about where and how a lot of crops would be grown.

Tasmanian Premier Will Hodgman said the state’s track record in regulating poppy cultivation put it in good stead.

“These matters regarding the capacity to cultivate the crop and to make certain a protected transition into New South Wales will be determined by our wellness department and other authorities,” he stated.

“We’ve got the framework in spot, the national government is progressing as well their national scheme to make sure we get the greatest outcome and balance compassion for these suffering in our neighborhood with proof-based science.”

He said the MoU would open the way for Tasmanians to participate in the trial.

New South Wales is conducting three clinical trials such as a single targeting youngsters with severe epilepsy.

The Tasmanian Government initially rejected calls for increasing trial in Tasmania, saying a medicinal cannabis market would pose a threat to the properly-established poppy business.

Subjects: cannabis, healthcare-study, tas, nsw

Agen Sabung Ayam

Climate-saving deal to reduce emissions within reach in Paris

Posted December ten, 2015 07:36:56

An elusive universal pact to save mankind from disastrous worldwide warming is inside attain, the French host of UN talks said as he released a new blueprint just 48 hours before the deadline for a deal.

Foreign minister Laurent Fabius cautioned the toughest issues nonetheless required to be resolved as he appealed for compromise among the ministers and other negotiators from 195 nations gathered in the northern outskirts of Paris.

But, soon after releasing a streamlined draft of the accord that eliminated hundreds of smaller sized points of dispute, Mr Fabius voiced self-assurance an accord could be signed by Friday to rein in greenhouse gases that warm the planet.

“I am convinced we can reach a deal but to do so we must unite our forces and set our compass on the want for compromise,” Mr Fabius told the delegates.

The UN talks have been billed as the final chance to avert the worst consequences of global warming: deadly drought, floods and storms, and rising seas that will engulf islands and densely populated coastlines.

A lot more than two decades of international diplomacy have failed to make such an accord, which would call for a transformation of the world’s energy method away from its reliance on extremely polluting coal, oil and gas.

Deep divisions — mainly amongst rich and poor nations — over how to pay for the costly shift to renewable types of power, such as solar and wind, have bedevilled the UN climate method.

Even though the most significant arguments are yet to be resolved in Paris, negotiators and lengthy-time observers agreed following the release of the draft that a deal could be reached.

“Our sense is that virtually every thing we require for an ambitious, equitable agreement is nonetheless in play,” said Jennifer Morgan, international director of the climate system at the World Resources Institute.

“But there is clearly an immense quantity of work to be accomplished in the coming hours.”

Nevertheless some campaigning groups said they had been concerned that world powers, in their rush for an agreement, may settle for a weak accord that does not do sufficient to curb greenhouse gases.

“It really is a mix of the good, the undesirable and the ugly, but we’ve got three days to force the worst stuff out and get a decent deal. It really is crunch time now,” Greenpeace climate policy expert Kaisa Kosonen.

Taking effect in 2020, the Paris agreement would seek to reduce greenhouse gas emissions deeply sufficient to curb worldwide warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius over pre-Industrial Revolution levels.

In a victory for dozens of nations most vulnerable to rising sea levels and fierce storms, a much more ambitious cap of 1.5C was also kept as an alternative in the draft accord released on Wednesday.

“We have in no way been this close to a climate change agreement,” Thoriq Ibrahim, Maldives environment minister and chair of the Alliance of Tiny Island States, said in response to the newest draft.

“It is now up to us ministers to show the leadership required to make tough choices that put the interests of folks and the planet ahead of short-sighted politics.”

Funding for climate adjust initiatives stay a challenge

A single of the greatest prospective deal-busters remains cash.

Wealthy nations promised six years ago in Copenhagen to muster $ US100 billion a year from 2020 to help developing nations make the costly shift to clean power, and to cope with the effect of global warming.

But how the pledged funds will be raised nonetheless remains unclear — and building countries are pushing for a promise that the amount will be ramped up in future.

Meanwhile, rich nations are insisting that establishing giants work harder to tackle their greenhouse gases, noting that much of the world’s emissions come from their rapidly-expanding economies.

Most nations submitted to the UN ahead of Paris their voluntary plans to curb greenhouse gas emissions from 2020, which was extensively hailed as an crucial platform for accomplishment.

Energy revolution possibleVideo: Power revolution attainable (The Globe)

But scientists say that, even if the cuts were fulfilled, they would nonetheless put Earth on track for warming of at least two.7C.

United Nations Environment Plan executive director Achim Steiner mentioned the Paris climate talks could fuel an power revolution which could unfold inside months.

“What will come out of Paris will unquestionably be a signal to a low carbon economy. I consider we will see an power revolution beginning to unfold actually within months of Paris getting come to an agreement,” he stated.

1 of the remaining battle fronts in Paris is a debate more than when and how usually to assessment these national plans, so that they could be “scaled up” with pledges for deeper emissions cuts.

Some establishing nations insist they should not be pressured into deeper cuts, insisting that duty rests with rich nations that have burnt the most fossil fuels given that the Industrial Revolution.

In a dramatic and timely example of the world’s fate if rampant coal burning goes unchecked, choking smog has descended on the Chinese capital of Beijing and surrounding cities this week.

A red alert, ordering factories to close and recommending children remain at property, was raised in Beijing for the 1st time on Monday, followed by 27 other cities on Tuesday.

China is the world’s most significant emitter of greenhouse gases, primarily because of its reliance on coal to give low cost power for its 1.three billion individuals as they go via a exceptional financial transformation.

AFP

Topics: atmosphere, government-and-politics, climate, climate-change, france

Agen Sabung Ayam

DFAT warns early release of Matthew Ng could threaten China prisoner swap deal

Updated December 08, 2015 23:52:45

The Department of Foreign Affairs has warned the future of Australia’s prisoner swap deal with China could be jeopardised if the Lawyer-General, George Brandis, grants businessman Matthew Ng an early release from prison.

Mr Ng was arrested in Guangzhou in 2010 right after refusing to sell his $ one hundred million stake in the travel company, GZL, back to the Chinese government at expense price tag.

He was convicted of bribery and embezzlement a year later and sentenced to 11.five years’ jail.

In 2014, he became the initial Australian to advantage from a prisoner swap deal among Australia and China and is now serving out the rest of his sentence at the St Heliers Correction Centre in the NSW Hunter Valley.

Mr Ng has usually maintained his innocence, and since returning to Australia has pleaded for an early release from prison or a pardon.

In August, Mr Ng’s lawyers made a formal application for an early release, based on exceptional circumstances under the Crime Act such as his diagnosis with Post Traumatic Anxiety Disorder and a significant depressive disorder, the amount of time he has currently served in China and the disproportionate length of his sentence.

But yesterday the Attorney-General’s division wrote to Mr Ng’s lawyers rejecting the application, citing suggestions from both the NSW Wellness Department and Division of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).

“DFAT advises that the Chinese authorities have produced clear they are closely monitoring the first successful transfer cases and will see them as test instances for future prisoner transfer amongst Australia and China,” the Lawyer-General’s department wrote.

“DFAT’s view is the granting of early release or pardon would very likely have a unfavorable impact on the operation of the [prisoner transfer] scheme and prejudice other existing or future circumstances.”

It is understood there are about 80 Australians imprisoned in China.

Ng suffered inhumane therapy in Chinese prison: lawyers

The Lawyer-General’s department also cast doubt on the severity of Mr Ng’s mental illness, saying he had not sought any assist for psychological situations at St Heliers and “appeared to be managing his mental wellness situations adequately”.

“Psychology advises … they are unlikely to help a request for early release primarily based on psychological well being grounds due to the commonality of described diagnoses and symptoms in the correctional setting,” the department wrote.

That is at odds with healthcare guidance obtained by Mr Ng’s lawyers which states the “specialist psychological therapy of the sort needed by Mr Ng is not obtainable in a correctional facility” and goes on to say Mr Ng demands therapy “as a matter of urgency”.

Mr Ng’s sentence expires in 2022, but he will be eligible for parole in August subsequent year.

His lawyers argue there are enough exceptional situations to release Mr Ng from prison early offered his inhumane remedy, and trauma suffered, during his 1,475 days in prison in China.

In their letter to the Attorney-Common, they said Mr Ng was held in a prison cell with 18 other folks and forced to share a bed with another inmate there were no flushing toilets or showers and he was physically assaulted on 3 occasions.

Mr Ng’s second marriage has also broken down lately and last year, whilst imprisoned in China, he was informed that his eldest daughter Isabella had died, causing him a wonderful deal of distress.

His lawyers have till January five to respond to the department’s letter.

Topics: crime, prisons-and-punishment, planet-politics, federal-government, australia, china

First posted December 08, 2015 23:48:04

Agen Sabung Ayam

Funds row threatens historic climate deal in Paris

Posted December 03, 2015 12:52:52

French president Francois Hollande Photo: The French have called for a swift compromise on the money rich nations should spend on climate change. (AFP: Philippe Wojazer)

Developing nations have warned that a bitter row over money is threatening efforts to seal a historic pact to tame global warming, as the French hosts pleaded for compromise.

Key points:

  • Nations urged to reach speedy agreement on climate change funding
  • Developing nations want rich countries to contribute more than $ 100b to climate fight
  • Concerns are being raised that the talks are not moving fast enough

The UN-brokered talks involving 195 nations are facing a deadline of December 11 to forge an agreement aimed at cutting the greenhouse gases responsible for climate change, and averting its catastrophic impacts.

Despite more than 150 world leaders opening the talks on Monday with lofty rhetoric about the urgency of the task, bureaucrats became quickly ensnared in familiar rows that have condemned previous efforts to failure.

“My message is clear: we must accelerate the process because there is still a lot of work to do,” said French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius, who is presiding over the negotiations.

“Options for compromise need to be found as quickly as possible.”

One of the most fiercely contested issues in the 25-year diplomatic effort to find a solution to global warming has been how much responsibility rich nations must accept for the problem, and therefore how much they should pay.

Developed countries have powered their way to prosperity since the Industrial Revolution by burning coal, oil and gas, which are the primary sources of the heat-trapping greenhouse gas emissions.

Developing nations insist the developed ones must now largely finance the world economy’s costly shift away fossil fuels, a debate worth hundreds of billions of dollars.

More than $ 100 billion needed for climate fight

A powerful bloc of 134 developing nations — including China, India and all African and South American countries — released a statement near the end of Wednesday’s negotiations insisting the rich were again trying in Paris to absolve themselves of their financial responsibilities.

“Nothing … can be achieved without the provision of means of implementation to enable developing countries to play their part to address climate change,” the statement said.

The bloc, known as the G77 plus China, restated a demand for rich nations to follow through on their commitment to mobilise $ 100 billion a year into a climate change from 2020.

It also demanded as “substantial scaling up of finance” on top of the previously agreed $ 100 billion.

The financing issue is central to hugely complex 54-page draft text that negotiators need to trim down by the weekend, so that ministers have a week to try and finalise it.

Frustration permeated the negotiating halls of the convention centre in the northern outskirts of Paris on Wednesday.

“We are not making anywhere near the progress we need to be making at this point,” said Daniel Reifsnyder, one of the two co-chairmen in the talks’ key arena.

Early disagreements typical at climate talks

Greenpeace climate campaigner Li Shuo, who has observer status in the talks, described them as “quite messy”.

“At some point, we definitely need to switch gear,” he said.

Still, such frustrations are typical of the start of climate negotiations, where vast interests are at stake and a single word in an agreement can have big repercussions, said veteran observers.

“I remain confident that it will be a hard fought two weeks but at the end of the day we are likely to achieve, and I believe we will achieve, an agreement,” Australian Environment Minister Greg Hunt told reporters.

UN climate chief Christiana Figueres cautioned against despair.

“The text of the agreement will go through ups and downs, there will be many commas inserted and commas removed because that is the nature of this. It is a legally binding text and needs to be reviewed very, very carefully,” she said.

Touching on the rich-poor issue, British charity Oxfam issued a study saying the wealthiest 10 per cent of people produce half of Earth’s fossil-fuel emissions, while the poorest half contribute a mere 10 per cent.

An average person among the richest one percent emits 175 times more carbon than his or her counterpart among the bottom 10 per cent, the charity said.

At the core of the talks is the goal of limiting warming to a maximum of two degrees Celsius over pre-Industrial Revolution levels.

That objective — along with a more ambitious option of 1.5 degrees Celsius — has been enshrined in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) since 2010.

Since then, scientists have pounded out an ever-louder warning that relentlessly climbing carbon emissions will doom future generations to rising seas and worsening floods, storms and drought — a recipe for hunger, disease and homelessness for many millions.

AFP

Topics: environment, climate-change, france

Agen Sabung Ayam

‘We are at breaking point’: Hollande launches global climate deal push

Updated November 30, 2015 23:20:11

French president Francois Hollande has opened the Paris climate modify summit warning world leaders they require to be ready to commit to meaningful action to fight worldwide warming.

More than 150 globe leaders — such as Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull — have arrived in Paris to attend the United Nations talks, armed with promises and accompanied by higher expectations as they appear to hold back the Earth’s increasing temperature.

Key points

  • Hollande says the fights against worldwide warming and terrorism are closely linked
  • Planet leaders are below stress to keep away from the anti-climactic talks in Copenhagen in 2009
  • As the world’s greatest emitters, China and the US have pledged to lead the way

Mr Hollande reiterated that a deal to try to hold any additional increase in global temperatures to beneath two degrees Celsius required to be “universal, differentiated and binding”, with richer countries contributing a lot more than poorer ones.

“I can’t separate the fight with terrorism from the fight against global warming,” he mentioned at the opening of the talks.

“These are two large global challenges we have to face up to, simply because we have to leave our youngsters a lot more than a world freed of terror, we also owe them a planet protected from catastrophes.”

World peace is at stake in the talks, he mentioned.

Soon after decades of struggling negotiations marked by the failure of a previous summit in Copenhagen six years ago, some form of landmark agreement seems all but assured by mid-December.

External Link: ABC correspondent Lisa Millar at COP 21

Mr Hollande warned that there could not be a vague agreement.

“To resolve the climate crisis, very good will, statements of intent are not enough,” Mr Hollande stated, telling world leaders that the future of humanity rested on their shoulders.

“We are at breaking point.”

Warnings from climate scientists, demands from activists and exhortations from religious leaders like Pope Francis, coupled with significant advances in cleaner power sources like solar power, have all added to stress to cut the carbon emissions held responsible for warming the planet.

Most scientists say failure to agree on robust measures in Paris would doom the globe to ever-hotter typical temperatures, bringing with them deadlier storms, more frequent droughts and rising sea levels as polar ice caps melt.

As the summit opened in Paris, the capitals of the world’s two most populous nations, China and India, had been blanketed in hazardous, choking smog, with regulators in Beijing asking factories to limit output and halting construction work.

On the eve of the summit, hundreds of thousands of people from Australia to Paraguay joined the largest day of climate alter activism in history, telling world leaders there was “No Planet B” in the fight against worldwide warming.

“This previous year has been a turning point,” Christiana Figueres, the UN’s climate chief, told delegates.

Arriving in a sombre city exactly where safety has been tightened right after Islamist militant attacks that killed 130 folks on November 13, every single leader will be permitted a brief opening speech, just a couple of minutes extended.

US, China pledge to push for climate deal in Paris

US president Barack Obama and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping have pledged to operate with each other for a climate adjust agreement that ensures a “low carbon international economy” this century.

At the start of bilateral talks held on the sidelines of the Paris gathering, Mr Obama mentioned the two countries’ decision to make their personal emissions-reduction pledges final year had helped drive other nations to comply with suit.

US president Barack Obama shakes hands with Chinese president Xi Jinping. Photo: US president Barack Obama shakes hands with Chinese president Xi Jinping during their meeting. (Reuters: Kevin Lamarque)

“As the two largest economies in the planet and the two largest carbon emitters, we have both determined that it is our responsibility to take action,” Mr Obama mentioned, with Mr Xi sitting subsequent to him.

“Our leadership on this issue has been totally essential.”

Mr Obama mentioned the two countries would perform collectively at the talks to accomplish an agreement that moves toward a low carbon global economy this century and “robust” monetary help for developing nations adapting to climate adjust.

Mr Xi said the two countries would work side by side to ensure the Paris conference accomplished its objectives, and he noted that cooperation amongst the United States and China at a time of multiple international challenges was essential.

“The world economy is recovering slowly, terrorism is on the rise and climate change is a enormous challenge. There is far more instability and uncertainty in [the] international situation,” Mr Xi mentioned by means of a translator.

The world’s two biggest carbon emitters, after on opposite sides on climate concerns, agreed in 2014 to jointly kick-begin a transition away from fossil fuels, every at their own speed and in their own way.

That partnership has been a balm for the principal source of tension that characterised earlier talks, in which the developing world argued that countries that grew rich by industrialising on fossil fuels need to spend the price of shifting all economies to a renewable energy future.

Reuters

Subjects: climate-adjust, atmosphere, activism-and-lobbying, world-politics, climate, france

1st posted November 30, 2015 23:11:27

Agen Sabung Ayam

Deal to have MONA style public space in Macquarie Point questioned

Posted November 30, 2015 18:24:21

Macquarie Point master plan overview Photo: The development will be landlocked with Sullivans Cove and the TasPorts-run Macquarie Wharf separating it from the waterfront. (Supplied: Macquarie Point Improvement Corporation)
Connected Story: Waterfront improvement could be ‘Hobart’s Opera Property moment’
Map: Hobart 7000

Inquiries are being raised about a deal to have the Museum of Old and New Art (MONA) curate the public spaces of the $ 1 billion Macquarie Point redevelopment in Hobart.

The Macquarie Point Improvement Corporation will soon contract the museum’s curators to oversee the style of two main public spaces – Goods Shed Plaza and Goods Shed Park.

But Tasmanian developer Brendon Bourke mentioned the deal lacked transparency.

“There seems to be a lack of transparency in these sort of projects in Tasmania that are Government run,” he mentioned.

“MONA may possibly nicely be the greatest, but how would we know? I don’t know what the criteria was: how they had been chosen? By whom they have been chosen?

“That appears to be an problem for a lot of Tasmanian architects, designers and constructors.”

The proposed deal followed the good results of Dark Mofo, which converted the disused rail yards into Dark Park, attracting 76,000 people.

Hobart architect Tim Penny mentioned involving the arts neighborhood produced sense.

“It’s a good idea [but] I’m not entirely positive it really is going to value the development,” he said.

The corporation’s Elizabeth Jack disagreed, arguing MONA’s contribution would invigorate the space.

“It adds [value] for the developers but it also adds value for people that will be living and functioning here very first,” she stated.

Each the corporation and MONA mentioned there would be an opportunity for architects to be involved.

MONA stated there would be public consultation during the next six to 12 months as it worked on a idea for the public space.

Site’s master plan is confused, critics say

Mr Penny questioned whether there would be any developer interest in the wider internet site, saying the master strategy, which was released in June, is aspirational but confused.

“I suspect if they released the packages now, it would just fizzle,” he mentioned.

Mr Bourke agreed that the master plan was confused.

“I nevertheless have no great idea of what they’re aiming for, what they’re large picture is, what their philosophy is,” he said.

But Ms Jack stated there had been strong interest from developers and an expressions of interest process will open in mid-December.

The value of the contract with MONA will be created public when it is finalised in coming days.

Subjects: urban-improvement-and-preparing, hobart-7000

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