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Air travel prices go down, whiny passengers go up

Updated December 14, 2015 11:25:59

Passengers sleep on camp beds at Frankfurt airport Photo: Reduced costs make for much more congestion, and passengers are not satisfied. (Ralph Orlowski: Reuters)
Map: Australia

Decades ago, airline travel was deemed a glamorous and fascinating mode of transport, reserved for the wealthy and elite.

But whilst air travel has grow to be a lot more democratic and inexpensive, business analysis shows that folks increasingly dislike air travel.

A 2015 survey by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) identified men and women were prepared to queue no more than 10 minutes via security. More than half wanted to wait no a lot more than a single to 3 minutes to drop off their luggage.

But, the true dissatisfaction began when passengers had been onboard, with in-flight service and seat size topping the list of complaints.

What is the supply of this dissatisfaction? The belief that air passengers simply do not realise how excellent they have it is developing — and not just among industry advocates, exactly where one particular would count on it, but also from market share analysts and some economists.

Given that the worldwide deregulation of airlines started four decades ago, the inflation-adjusted expense of air travel has fallen substantially. Now anyone can afford travel to their favourite destination, whenever they want.

Why, then, are shoppers such sourpusses? Lower prices have created much a lot more demand for air travel, leading to congestion and a lot more delays — by-item of the industry’s achievement.

Then there are those hated security procedures, one more source of delays. Once again, that is outdoors airline handle.

The major driver of consumer complaint is misperception. Taking a leaf from behavioural economics, air travel for most people is infrequent adequate that most individuals never realise the true extent of the fall in expense.

Computer rates, for instance, have fallen drastically more than the past 40 years and individuals acquire computer systems enough to notice and appreciate that. Equivalent price falls have occurred in air travel, but are significantly less noticed because such travel is generally not as frequent as computer upgrades.

Loss of “perks” like meals is considerably more noticeable and memorable, some thing behavioural economists refer to as “salience”.

So should we pity the poor airline, hemmed in by fierce competitors on the 1 side and ungrateful buyers on the other? Not so fast.

Emirates A380 and Qantas plane Photo: Decrease rates have created higher demand for air travel, but analysis shows that people increasingly dislike travelling by plane. (ABC News: Giulio Saggin, file photo)

For a single factor, the value of air travel should be adjusted for quality of service. Take into account computers again. Not only have their prices fallen but they deliver considerably far more than their 1980s predecessors.

But, passengers not only have lost free meals or toiletry kits. They also now get increasingly significantly less legroom, narrower seats, much less reclining seat pitch, and much less service normally at the gate and on the plane.

Airline vendors continually pitch prototype merchandise, such as seats where one does not fully sit down, and airlines continually test policies, like charging for toilet use on-board, that most human beings would uncover unpleasant at very best.

If individuals have been indeed just like cargo, unit price for distance covered would be a comprehensive metric. But of course they’re not cargo.

Airlines are increasingly using “unbundled” pricing. Passengers utilized to pay 1 price for every little thing: travel, meals, baggage allowances, in-flight entertainment and so forth. Now nearly all carriers charge separately for everything. Airline capacity is tightening and companies have more pricing power.

Airlines are also utilizing “large data” collected via booking systems for dynamic pricing (or yield/income) allowing them to get maximum revenue from each and every individual passenger by charging the highest value that passenger is prepared to pay, or to induce travellers to fill seats that would otherwise go empty.

Airline analysts claim all this is good for the customer. Big information by definition equals much more information which equals far more transparency.

Unbundled pricing eliminates “cross-subsidy” of 1 customer by yet another: why should somebody with only a carry-on bag pay the very same fare as someone with a complete set of checked luggage?

As soon as much more this is a 1-sided view. Unbundled pricing is particularly disliked by consumers since it is complicated, straightforward to game by the service provider, and typically top to unpredictable pricing at the gate.

Most men and women have been charged an excess baggage fee at the gate, one thing they had been likely not organizing on and nearly impossible to challenge just before embarking.

Shoppers like to know what they will be paying but unbundled pricing usually turns into “probabilistic” pricing where individuals spend a specific price tag only if they never cross certain lines. As for “massive data”, airlines have significantly far more access to its power than shoppers do.

We can’t blame profit-creating companies to want to squeeze as much out of the consumer as they can subject to competitive pressures.

Passengers are nonetheless flying and travel demand is expanding, showing that regardless of service quality declines, they are still willing to fly and at unit distance rates that are still historically low.

But it hardly seems fair that the consumer must like it.

Cameron Gordon is an Adjunct Associate Professor of Economics at the Centre for Analysis and Action in Public Overall health, University of Canberra.

This write-up was 1st published on The Conversation.

Topics: air-transport, neighborhood-and-society, australia

First posted December 14, 2015 11:22:07

Agen Sabung Ayam

‘Patient poured urine down my back’: Employees at Qld hospitals endure soaring violence

Exclusive by Leonie Mellor

Updated December 10, 2015 01:08:40

Employees at numerous of Queensland’s important public hospitals are frequently being kicked, hit, spat on and even seriously injured for doing their job.

A specific ABC investigation has shown the incidence of assaults has skyrocketed in the previous year, with employees suffering fractures, trauma and anxiety.

The ABC has obtained figures from Princess Alexandra (PA) Hospital, Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital (RBWH), Gold Coast University Hospital (GCUH) and Cairns Hospital more than the previous three monetary years.

It discovered the PA recorded the highest quantity of assaults with 831 over that period, although Cairns registered 641, the RBWH 636 and 587 at GCUH.

The RBWH recorded 349 physical assaults, while the PA recorded 331 over the 3 years to June.

The severity of attacks also appears to be escalating, with the number of worker’s compensation claims lodged last financial year surging to 107 at the 4 hospitals, far above the two previous years.

In the exact same period, reports recorded with Queensland Health’s incident management system (IMS) jumped to 1,121 in the year ending June 2015, far above the 824 recorded in 2013-14 and 866 in 2012-13.

Injuries to employees integrated fractures, cuts, trauma, anxiety and anxiety.

Nurses have borne the brunt of those injuries but safety officers, doctors and catering employees have also been attacked.

WorkCover claims have integrated trauma to muscles, a fractured skull and facial bones, chemical burns, anxiety and anxiety.

Some of the claims received state:

  • Kicked in face by a patient and arm twisted more than bed rail
  • Patient lunged with a knife at me.
  • I was signing a whiteboard outdoors the nurses space and patient came up and king hit me from the side. I fell and hit my head on the floor. The patient continued to punch me although I was unconscious on the floor.
  • A violent patient chasing, cornering and threatening myself and other staff of CCU and truly punching a nurse in the eye with a (redacted) optimistic blood stain.

Incidents lodged with Queensland Health’s technique paint a a lot more graphic picture of the abuse endured by staff:

  • Patient swearing … throwing a cup … employed words such as ‘you nurses are f*** ing c**** of s***s of nurses’.
  • Patient verbally and physically self-harming lunged at me punching left shoulder, bit two fingers on left hand, two lacerations bleeding broken skin, painful arm.
  • The patient came out from the pan area behind me and poured urine down my back saying: ‘It’s kero, I want to save you.’

In one incident, a highly intoxicated patient urinated on a trolley then whilst getting transferred to a new trolley fell forward, dragging the registered nurse with him so she fell face 1st into the urine-saturated trolley.

There have been reports of sufferers employing broken glass, knives and scissors to stab at nurses.

“While in shower, patient lunged forward and punched registered nurse in the reduce abdomen,” a single report stated.

Ice is devastating to the folks who use it, but alcohol would be on a scale of ten to a single what we deal with.

Dr Carl Dux, PA Hospital emergency physician

“While attempting to disentangle sufferers gown from pacing leads, patient punched myself in chin,” yet another mentioned.

“Stayed with patient to stop them pulling out pacing wires. Patient lunged forward and bit my left hand.”

The reports, obtained under proper to info laws, do not link person incidents to hospital, nor do they recommend that the 4 hospitals highlighted are any worse than others around the state.

‘Nobody need to have to place up with violence at work’

Queensland Nurses Union president Beth Mohle said a taskforce was examining what contributed to the violence and considering greater ways of handling it.

“No one need to have to put up with violence at perform or threats of violence at function, and that is why we are campaigning quite heavily on this situation,” she stated.

“This isn’t only as a outcome of ice in emergency departments it really is also as a result particularly of alcohol ingestion and also troubles such as dementia and assaults by mental wellness sufferers as properly.”

PA emergency doctor Dr Carl Dux mentioned violence was an daily part of the job.

TV still of Front driveway of Princess Alexandra Hospital in Brisbane on August 6, 2008. Photo: More than 830 violent incidents were recorded at Princess Alexandra Hospital, most impacting females. (ABC Television)

“It’s so ingrained in our culture to deal with it now that it really is an expectation you’ll come to function and see people at least try to be violent with you,” he said.

“I guess what upsets staff the most is that we do not feel we can repair the big image, we’re selecting up pieces, but some of the huge image things are not getting addressed.

“We have a societal difficulty. I do not consider we can address it with one particular modify in emergency. We require to address this all through society.”

Drunk sufferers a lot more of a issue than ice: Doctor

Kelly Jenkins has been an emergency nurse for 17 years and presently works at the PA.

“Sufferers will try and punch out, they will try and kick out,” she said.

“We have had situations in the emergency division of people being physically abused.”

The pair said that despite the concentrate on the effects of the drug ice, alcohol remained the largest dilemma.

“Ice is devastating to the folks who use it, but alcohol would be on a scale of ten to 1 what we deal with,” Dr Dux said.

“What upsets us the most is it requires resources away from other sick men and women who never have a self-induced dilemma.

“They have not been out drinking all evening and they are critically unwell, but we’re attempting to deal with a person who’s been violent in emergency and that is most likely the most frustrating issue of the whole point.”

Safety guards now stationed at most key hospitals have been assisting staff to cope with violent individuals.

Assaults in Queensland hospitals, July 2012 to July 2015


“I don’t consider you would be in a position to employees emergency departments with no security,” Dr Dux stated.

“I definitely know that I would not perform right here and I think most individuals would leave with me.

“It really is the identical as saying, how important is oxygen.”

Ms Jenkins said that on a great day security may only be called a dozen instances but on a poor day it was every single hour.

She said the function was difficult and at times she felt scared by aggressive sufferers, but her years of experience in emergency nursing had built resilience.

Despite the growing incidence of assaults, it is uncommon for charges to be laid.

Ms Jenkins said it was component of the culture and that nurses were naturally nurturing men and women.

“I do not consider you would be a nurse if you did not want to look soon after men and women and I think you can look past it at times,” she said.

“I know myself personally I consider we’ll they are in a poor spot at the time. Perhaps they chose the incorrect decisions when they did but they may possibly be on that road now that they don’t know how to get back.

“So you occasionally for forgive them for where they are and you try and treat them as ideal you can.”

Subjects: healthcare-facilities, physicians-and-medical-pros, unions, alcohol, mental-wellness, brisbane-4000

Very first posted December ten, 2015 01:02:16

Agen Sabung Ayam

French Muslim stares down Islamic State to declare jihad

Updated December 03, 2015 01:55:54

A French Muslim who designed headlines when he went on national tv in France to declare jihad on Islamic State (IS) extremists says he is not deterred by the death threats he has received considering that.

In the wake of the Paris attacks, Mohammed Chirani, a specialist in religious radicalisation, delivered an impassioned speech telling IS that Allah would not protect them.

“Know that our dead, the innocent French citizens, are in paradise,” he stated.

“And your dead, the terrorists, are in hell.”

Holding up a copy of the Koran and his French passport, he mentioned he would use both to wage jihad against the extremists.

“I’d like to say we’ll wage jihad against you with the Koran,” he said.

“I’d like to inform the traitors who deceived France, betrayed their nation and burned their IDs, that we are kissing our documents.”

His address received national acclaim in France, but he also received death threats from Islamic State.

Mr Chirani told Lateline that he was not worried

“I think in God. Till I obtain my destiny I will not leave this life I am positive of that,” he said.

“I lived in Nigeria throughout the civil war from nine to 19 and I was ready all my life for this confrontation against fanatics.

“So I am not shocked and I am ready.”

Topics: unrest-conflict-and-war, terrorism, islam, religion-and-beliefs, france

First posted December 03, 2015 00:13:41

Agen Sabung Ayam

Afghan army launches rescue bid after helicopter reported shot down

Posted November 26, 2015 09:03:57

The Afghan army has launched an operation to rescue 18 hostages captured by the Taliban right after their helicopter crash-landed in the north, as the private firm operating the aircraft stated it was shot down.

The Taliban killed 3 of these on board — two Afghans and a foreigner — in an initial fire fight and took the rest captive after the crash on Tuesday, the Afghan defence ministry stated in a statement.

The 21 men and women on board included two Moldovan pilots and a Moldovan engineer, the country’s acting prime minister Gheorghe Brega told reporters in Chisinau.

He did not specify if the three have been dead or captured, but the Afghan defence ministry mentioned two foreigners were being held along with an unspecified number of Afghan soldiers.

The helicopter came down in the Pashtun Kot district of Faryab province, an area partly controlled by the militants.

The MI-17 was privately owned by the Valan ICC firm in Moldova, according to Mr Brega, and had been chartered by the Afghan army.

It created an emergency landing “due to technical causes” near Maimana, the capital of Faryab province, the defence ministry statement mentioned.

“Later they encountered battle with the enemy. As a outcome, two army soldiers and a single foreign national had been killed and 18 other folks on board arrested by armed opponents of the government,” it mentioned, with out specifying whether all the Afghans on board had been soldiers.

Even so Valan ICC mentioned in a statement its helicopter had been shot down.

“A distress signal from the crew was received. It informed the client that the helicopter had been attacked, that it had been shot and therefore went down and burned. There was an emergency landing,” organization chief Alexander Zagrebelny said in a statement.

Mr Zagrebelny stated the helicopter and its three crew had been transporting 18 Afghan safety force members at the request of the US State Department.

He denied there had been any technical difficulty.

“This is a virtually new helicopter in best condition,” he stated.

The Taliban, in a statement on their website on Wednesday, stated they had shot the helicopter down.

Moldova seeks US aid

The insurgents fought off an initial attempt on Tuesday by the Afghan army to rescue the surviving hostages, the ministry said. It mentioned a fresh attempt was launched on Wednesday but gave no immediate information.

The Taliban mentioned they had killed five folks and had been holding a further 15, and made no mention of any foreign hostages.

They stated the captives had “been taken to secure regions and are becoming investigated”.

Moldova does not have a diplomatic mission in the war-torn nation and its foreign ministry requested assistance from the United Nations, whilst Brega said his country had appealed to the US for support.

The US-led NATO coalition, which has 13,000 foreign troops in the country, has not yet commented on the incident.

Faryab province has in current months been the scene of bitter fighting among Afghan troops and police and Islamist insurgents, who are increasingly active in the north.

In late September the Taliban temporarily seized manage of the provincial capital of Kunduz — the very first time the group had taken handle of a main city since becoming toppled from power in 2001.

Galvanised by the short conquest, they launched assaults on other cities like Maimana, but had been pushed back by heavily armed local residents although regional security forces reportedly abandoned their posts.

The Taliban have in the previous shot down several military helicopters with little-arms fire.

In October a US F-16 was struck by enemy fire in eastern Afghanistan, in a rare case of an advanced jet fighter coming beneath a Taliban-claimed attack.


Subjects: government-and-politics, unrest-conflict-and-war, afghanistan

Agen Sabung Ayam

Turks ‘down Russian warplane in Syria’

Media captionThe video shows a plane descending rapidly in the sky ahead of disappearing behind trees

The Turkish military have reportedly shot down a Russian military aircraft on the border with Syria.

Russia’s defence ministry stated an Su-24 had crashed on Syrian territory soon after becoming hit by fire from the ground, and that its pilots had managed to eject.

But Turkish military officials stated Turkish F-16s had shot down the plane following repeatedly warning its pilots they were violating Turkish airspace.

Video footage showed the plane crashing into mountains in Latakia province.

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Russia launched an air campaign to bolster Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s government in late September.

Pilot ‘captured’

The Russian defence ministry confirmed on Tuesday morning that a Russian Su-24 had “crashed on Syrian territory, obtaining been hit from the ground” while it was flying at an altitude of six,000m (19,685ft).

“Efforts are getting created to ascertain what happened to the pilots. According to preliminary reports, the pilots have managed to self-eject,” the ministry was quoted as saying by the Interfax news agency.

A feared incident – Jonathan Marcus, BBC defence correspondent

This is exactly the kind of incident that several have feared given that Russia launched its air operations in Syria. The dangers of operating close to to the Turkish border have been all also apparent. Turkish planes have already shot down at least one particular Syrian air force jet and possibly a helicopter as well.

Russia insists that its warplane did not violate Turkish air space. So, was the Russian pilot’s navigation incorrect? Questions will also be asked about the readiness of the Turks to open fire.

It suggests that the significantly discussed arrangements to keep away from incidents amongst warplanes more than Syria are inadequate. The Turkish authorities will no doubt claim that such arrangements do not cover the approaches to their personal airspace where attempted and tested procedures must apply.

There are conflicting reports as to no matter whether it was ground fire or Turkish jets that brought down the Russian plane. Air operations in the crowded skies over Syria just got a very good deal far more complex. The only mitigating issue is that initial reports suggest that two parachutes had been noticed so the Russian crew at least got out of their stricken aircraft. Anticipate diplomatic fireworks.

The ministry stressed that “throughout its flight, the aircraft remained exclusively above Syrian territory”, adding: “Objective monitoring data shows it.”

Nevertheless, Turkish military officials stated its F-16s had fired on an unidentified aircraft soon after warning it 10 instances in the space of five minutes about violating Turkish airspace.

Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Russian Su-24 aircraft based in Latakia province have flown hundreds of sorties over northern Syria

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a UK-primarily based monitoring group, stated the warplane crashed in a mountainous region of Latakia province, exactly where air strikes and fighting amongst rebels and Syrian government forces had been reported earlier on Tuesday.

Qatar-primarily based Al Jazeera Television quoted an ethnic Turkmen rebel group as saying it had captured one particular of the Su-24’s two pilots and were “hunting for the other”.

Russian aircraft have flown hundreds of sorties over northern Syria since September. Moscow says they have targeted only “terrorists”, but activists say its strikes have primarily hit Western-backed rebel groups.

Turkey, a staunch critic of Mr Assad, has warned against violations of its airspace by Russian and Syrian aircraft.

Final month, Ankara stated Turkish F-16s had intercepted a Russian jet that crossed its border and two Turkish jets had been harassed by an unidentified Mig-29.

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Telegram encrypted messaging service cracks down on ISIS broadcasts

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Messages sent acceptable now to Telegram clientele explaining what the service had accomplished to block ISIS propaganda channels.

In the wake of revelations that groups affiliated with the Islamic State had been employing the Telegram messaging service to communicate and spread propaganda components, the nonprofit organization operating the service announced that it had moved to block terror-connected content material material from becoming spread by way of its servers.

“We have been disturbed to uncover that Telegram’s public channels had been getting utilized by ISIS to spread their propaganda,” a Telegram spokesperson posted in the service’s Telegram News channel. “We are quite quite cautiously reviewing all reports sent to us at abuse@telegram.org and are taking proper action to block such channels. As a outcome, this week alone we blocked 78 ISIS-associated channels across 12 languages.” The channels had been identified and blocked in element due to the truth of abuse reports filed by Telegram users.

Channels permit Telegram shoppers to subscribe to broadcast content material material material published by way of a permanent URL and let the channel publisher to attain an limitless quantity of customers. Whilst the channels are connected to a certain profile by the service, the user can post content—including files, pictures, and messages—anonymously from a mobile device or Personal computer.

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UK will shut down all coal power plants by 2025

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(credit: Wikipedia)

The UK government has announced that each and every coal-fired energy station will be shut down by 2025, roughly ten years hence. The move is ostensibly about minimizing carbon emissions. Amber Rudd, the country’s energy secretary, stated that “We require to construct a new energy infrastructure, match for the 21st century… this step will make us a single of the 1st created countries to commit to taking coal off our system.”

Even though the government’s press release involves some extremely punchy phrases about “power safety,” “hardworking households,” and “legacy of underinvestment,” the document is extremely quick on actual details. It says that coal energy stations will be restricted by 2023, and then entirely phased out by 2025… but it does not say what they will be replaced by.

Coal at the moment supplies about 30 % of the UK’s electrical energy, with all-natural gas (40 %), nuclear (17 percent), wind, and hydro creating up the rest of our energy mix. The Tory government’s announcement is not specifically ground-breaking coal has been on the way out for a long time. Back in 1990, coal provided a enormous 67 % of our power, and the earlier UK government had currently agreed to mainly phase out coal energy stations by 2025.

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Tomatoes taste good because we slowed down their internal clocks

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Tomatoes were most likely 1st domesticated in the Andean region of Peru and Ecuador. From there, cultivation spread to Mexico, exactly where conquistadors located them, returning with them to Europe in the seventeenth century.

In the years considering that, we have bred them to create bigger fruit, to resist ailments, and to retain their shape and colour in neat supermarket pyramids. But the initial domestication event also chosen an agriculturally advantageous trait—it slowed down the plant’s circadian clock so it could thrive in the lengthy sunny days of the new latitudes it found itself in.

Circadian clocks are present in all kingdoms of life. They function to coordinate organisms’ metabolic and other activities with the external environment, notably the 24-hour light-dark cycle. Circadian clocks are known to regulate plant physiology and development and therefore nearly certainly influence the agricultural fitness of crops shockingly, they have not but been intentionally manipulated.

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Congressman: To stop ISIS, let’s shut down websites and social media

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US Rep. Joe Barton. (credit: Gage Skidmore)

US Rep. Joe Barton (R-Texas) has a strategy to quit terrorists: shut down internet sites, such as social media networks.

Barton today asked Federal Communications Commission Chairman Tom Wheeler if the commission can shut down internet sites used by ISIS and other terrorist groups. Barton didn’t name any certain sites but said that “we want to do some thing” due to the fact of the terrorist attack in Paris.

“ISIS and the terrorist networks can’t beat us militarily, but they are really attempting to use the Net and all of the social media to try to intimidate and beat us psychologically,” Barton said. Addressing Wheeler during an FCC oversight hearing held by the Subcommittee on Communications and Technologies, Barton continued:

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Feds crack down on supplement industry, go after deceptive products

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Federal agents are pumped to do a little supplemental cleaning.

In a sweep, the Department of Justice and federal partners announced Tuesday that they are pursuing criminal and civil circumstances against more than 100 makers and marketers of dietary supplements, hoping to scrub out deceptive and unproven merchandise. The actions stick to a year-long effort to cleanse the profitable sector of products that threaten public overall health, the department mentioned.

Of note, the division said it had filed criminal charges against 6 executives of USPlabs LLC, a Dallas firm behind the popular workout supplement Jack3d and weight loss supplement OxyElite Pro. The two products, which had $ 400 million in sales among 2008 and 2013, have been stated to be made from plant extracts, but really contained synthetic stimulants made in China.

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