Tag Archives: Former

Former South Australian premier John Bannon dies aged 72

Posted December 13, 2015 18:08:17

Former South Australian premier John Bannon has died, aged 72, following fighting a extreme illness for many years.

The former Labor leader passed away surrounded by family members nowadays.

Mr Bannon led the Labor Party to Government at the 1982 election, where he became premier and treasurer.

He held the positions for nearly a decade, before resigning in 1992.

Current South Australian Premier Jay Weatherill paid tribute to Mr Bannon, saying he was a excellent friend and mentor.

Subjects: death, states-and-territories, government-and-politics, sa

Agen Sabung Ayam

Thai police prepare to lay murder charges over former bikie’s death

Posted December 03, 2015 20:35:47

Thai police are readying to charge an American man with the murder of former Hells Angels member Wayne Schneider.

Tyler Gerald, 21, who has been arrested, is believed to have been 1 of the five guys who abducted the Australian man from his house on Monday.

Mr Schneider was found buried in a roadside grave with a broken neck and facial injuries on Tuesday, a day following he was abducted from his property.

Police in the seaside town of Pattaya, south of Bangkok, have also detained the 25-year-old female partner of Australian man, Antonio Bagnato, who is believed to have masterminded the attack.

An arrest warrant has been issued for Mr Bagnato, but reports say he has fled to Cambodia.

Police stated the motive for the murder was a dispute among Mr Schneider and Mr Bagnato, whom he was noticed drinking with on Sunday evening.

They stated both men were on a watch-list for drugs and funds laundering in Australia, but there was no info about them dealing drugs in Thailand.

Police said Mr Bagnato asked his Thai partner to rent the car used in the kidnapping — which was fitted with a GPS system that led police to the body — and then told her to delete all text messages relating to the automobile hire.

She has not been formally charged and is being held at a military base beneath wide-ranging powers introduced after final year’s coup.

Mr Schneider has previously been described as a senior member of the Hells Angels.

In 2006, Mr Schneider was on New South Wales’ most wanted list more than the shooting of a bouncer in the kneecap outdoors a Kings Cross nightclub.

The charges had been later dropped.

He has also faced charges for drug offences and dealing with the proceeds of crime, right after being found with $ 200,000 worth of casino chips in 2009.

Subjects: law-crime-and-justice, death, murder-and-manslaughter, crime, thailand, asia

Agen Sabung Ayam

Former Australian bikie’s suspected killer ‘fled to Cambodia’

Updated December 03, 2015 01:58:05

An Australian man suspected of major the abduction and murder of a former member of the Hells Angels group in Thailand has fled to Cambodia, Thai police say.

Antonio Bagnato has been named by Thai police as the leader of a 5-man team that beat Wayne Rodney Schneider unconscious and kidnapped him from his house in Pattaya, south of Bangkok, in the early hours of Monday morning.

Mr Schneider’s physique was identified in a roadside grave about 30 kilometres away, right after police tracked the rented getaway vehicle’s GPS.

Pattaya police have told the ABC they now believe their principal suspect has fled the nation.

“We got data that he crossed the border to Cambodia,” Pattaya superintendent Sukthat Pumpanmuang mentioned.

An additional man, a 21-year-old American, has been detained on the Thai-Cambodian border and brought to Pattaya for further questioning.

“The arrest warrant will be issued for the American man tonight,” Superintendent Pumpanmuang stated.

“We believe that he was involved with the abduction and the murder,” he said.

Mr Schneider was a senior member of the Hells Angels in Sydney and was reportedly on a watch-list for drugs and money laundering.

Subjects: law-crime-and-justice, crime, thailand, australia, cambodia

Very first posted December 03, 2015 01:54:44

Agen Sabung Ayam

Former Palm Island mayor-turned-paramedic starts health-related degree

By Kirsty Nancarrow

Posted December 02, 2015 12:28:37

A former mayor is studying to become a medical professional to help improve the overall health of Indigenous Queenslanders.

Robert Blackley, 40, is the former mayor of Palm Island.

He is also a single of the initial men and women to complete the Queensland Ambulance Service’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cadet system.

“At 19 I wanted to be a paramedic but was deemed to be as well young at the time,” he stated.

He pursued a profession in politics and neighborhood development as an alternative, but often wanted to return to his original dream of becoming a medical professional.

“At the time when I was on Palm Island as a regional government councillor and the mayor, the life expectancy for men was 42, and ladies was 50 and that was unacceptable to me,” he said.

The cadet program has been operating because 2012 and has 15 recruits, functioning in Doomagee, Cairns, Thursday Island, Normanton, Palm Island, Yarrabah and Woorabinda.

Indigenous paramedic Robert Blackley Photo: Robert Blackley and QAS colleague Neil Noble verify their emergency gear. (ABC News: Kirsty Nancarrow)

Ambulance service operations supervisor Neil Noble stated two much more positions had been becoming created available at Ravenshoe on the Atherton Tablelands.

“It really is the extremely very same education plan that all our other cadets go through to attain diploma level qualifications, just at their pace with lots of assistance exactly where they require it,” he mentioned.

Mr Blackley stated working as an Indigenous paramedic had provided him the opportunity to break down fears about western medicine and encourage individuals to reside healthier lives.

“Getting an Aboriginal man I’ve been able to swiftly create rapport with individuals because we have a shared encounter or a shared history and relationships,” he said.

He lately completed his Bachelor of Health Science (Paramedic) degree.

‘An inspiration to all other paramedics’

Mr Blackley will leave Cairns next week to study a Doctorate of Medicine at the University of Sydney, with his wife in the final stages of her medical degree at James Cook University.

Mr Noble mentioned he was sad to see Mr Blackley leaving but stated he would be welcomed back to the nearby roster for the duration of university holidays.

“He’s undoubtedly been a excellent paramedic for us and an inspiration to all other paramedics to not just stop at a paramedic diploma or degree but to adhere to via with medicine,” Mr Noble mentioned.

Mr Blackley stated he hoped to function as a rural generalist focusing on emergency medicine back in his property neighborhood of Palm Island, which is at the moment with no a permanent Indigenous medical doctor.

He mentioned there was a shortage of indigenous doctors and is encouraging other individuals to adhere to in his path.

“There’s around 200 now and we require yet another two,000 to attain parity with the two per cent Indigenous population, so there’s a long way to go,” he stated.

Subjects: emergency-incidents, medical doctors-and-medical-professionals, cairns-4870

Agen Sabung Ayam

ACCC inquiries former Meriton staff more than TripAdvisor rorting claims

Posted December 02, 2015 01:03:15

Australia’s biggest apartment developer is beneath scrutiny from investigators at the Australian Competition and Customer Commission (ACCC) over allegations staff are manipulating its TripAdvisor rankings.

Essential points

  • Former employees member was “uncomfortable” about alleged TripAdvisor action
  • At least two former workers have been approached by ACCC
  • ACCC says review manipulation or offering of incentives could attract penalties of up to $ 1.1m
  • In an e mail to unhappy consumers, Meriton presented a $ one hundred refund

In October, the ABC revealed employees at Harry Triguboff’s Meriton Serviced Apartments had been instructed to use a strategy known as “masking” to prevent guests submitting damaging evaluations on the influential travel internet site.

A former hotel manager explained the procedure involved adding the letters “MSA” to the e mail addresses of guests who complain about their keep, making certain a TripAdvisor feedback form — which is supposed to be sent to every guest — bounces.

“I was usually uncomfortable about carrying out it,” the supply mentioned.

“I believed it was crazy.”

At least two former workers have now been approached by the ACCC as the watchdog considers launching a complete investigation into the matter.

The ACCC would not confirm any details relating to the case, but warned misleading on-line testimonials put firms at threat of breaching the Competitors and Consumer Act 2010.

In a statement on its internet site, the ACCC mentioned the manipulation of evaluation final results and the supplying of incentives in exchange for testimonials could quantity to “misleading or deceptive conduct” and attract penalties of up to $ 1.1 million.

TripAdvisor and Meriton Serviced Apartments have each and every announced their personal investigations.

“Any attempts by an owner of a home to boost the reputation of a enterprise by selectively soliciting critiques only from guests who have had a constructive knowledge is regarded fraudulent, and is topic to penalties,” according to TripAdvisor’s rules.

The ABC also obtained proof showing employees at Meriton Serviced Apartments have been bribing guests by encouraging them to withdraw negative critiques in exchange for discounts and refunds — an additional clear breach of TripAdvisor guidelines.

“If you ever do adjust your mind in regards to removing your assessment, please permit to [sic] compensate you $ 100.00 off your entire remain, which is a small over ten per cent in total,” an employee wrote to a guest in an email.

“We do take TripAdvisor feedback quite seriously, as it is a robust marketing tool for our product.”

‘We have nothing at all to achieve from squashing damaging feedback’

In an interview with the Australian Monetary Review, Meriton Serviced Apartments national manager Matthew Thomas did not address the bribery claims, but mentioned the “masking” method was only employed in intense cases, such as when a guest had abused staff or broken the law.

We are open to damaging testimonials. The improvements we have produced to the business have all come from customer feedback.

Meriton Serviced Apartments national manager Matthew Thomas

“We don’t send advertising material to individuals we never want to come and stay again,” he told the newspaper.

“We have nothing at all to gain from squashing negative feedback or pretending we are excellent.

“We are open to negative testimonials. The improvements we have made to the organization have all come from consumer feedback.”

The motivation for “masking” testimonials and providing bribes to customers is apparent.

Analysis by the Harvard Enterprise School, for example, has located that rising the client rating of a restaurant on Yelp by just 1 star can boost profit by between 5 and 9 per cent.

In a statement released following the ABC’s initial report, Meriton Serviced Apartments played down the importance of TripAdvisor ratings, insisting the web site accounts for just 20 per cent of the on the internet evaluations the business receives.

Nonetheless, Mr Thomas later told the Australian Economic Overview that TripAdvisor was “really competitive”, adding “hotels compete with other hotels for the best rankings”.

Subjects: life style-and-leisure, internet-culture, customer-protection, australia

Agen Sabung Ayam

Former Malaysian diplomat pleads guilty to NZ indecent assault

Posted November 30, 2015 14:50:01

A former Malaysian diplomat has pleaded guilty to the indecent assault of a New Zealand lady, with a court hearing he burst into her bedroom naked from the waist down.

Mohammed Rizalman bin Ismail was a military attache at Malaysia’s Wellington embassy when the incident happened final year, and the case triggered outrage when he fled to his homeland citing diplomatic immunity.

Rizalman was ultimately extradited to face the New Zealand courts and had pleaded not guilty to attempted rape and burglary.

But as his trial starting on Monday, the original charges have been dismissed when the 39-year-old admitted one count of indecent assault against Wellington lady Tania Billingsley.

Rizalman’s lawyer Donald Stevens cited extenuating situations such as mental illness, though prosecutors contest this.

A summary of information study out to the court stated that on Might 9 last year, Ms Billingsley was at property in Brooklyn, the Wellington suburb exactly where the Malaysian embassy is located, when she heard a knock on her bedroom door.

Rizalman then entered wearing no trousers or underpants. She screamed and struggled with him, managing to push him out of the residence just before calling police.

Mr Stevens said Rizalman told police the pair had been to the cinema together that day. The summary of details did not specify regardless of whether Ms Billingsley agreed with that claim.

Prosecutor Grant Burston mentioned specialists would be named to dispute Rizalman’s argument that he was mentally unwell, saying his behaviour was far more consistent with “cannabis use and anxiousness”.

Rizalman sat quietly in the dock as an interpreter explained proceedings to him.

Indecent assault carries a maximum jail term of seven years in New Zealand.

Judge David Collins said a hearing into disputed elements of the case would take spot on Friday, ahead of sentencing.

He said if a home detention sentence was imposed, and he stressed it was only a possibility, Rizalman may be allowed to serve it at the Malaysian embassy.


A lot more on this story:

Topics: courts-and-trials, law-crime-and-justice, sexual-offences, new-zealand, malaysia, asia

Sabung Ayam Online

Former governor to review Tasmanian corruption watchdog

Updated November 29, 2015 12:25:17

Former governor William Cox will undertake a 5-year overview of Tasmania’s Integrity Commission.

Attorney-Common Vanessa Goodwin stated the evaluation, required below law, would consider the operation of the commission and its act.

She mentioned it would also appear at “other matters relevant to enhancing ethical conduct and public self-confidence in authorities”.

The corruption watchdog has had a testy partnership with the State Government in recent years over spending budget cuts as well as a Government submission recommending axing its investigative and law enforcement functions.

Its chief executive Diane Merryfull quit last month, three years into a 5-year term.

She criticised Tasmania’s senior public servants for having “entrenched positions” and a robust resistance to modify.

She performed a damning investigation into nepotism within Tasmania’s hospital system, which had widespread fallout for those involved.

Those reports have been not often properly received, with the commissioner coming beneath criticism from the Government, the public service and the union movement.

She feuded publicly with the Hodgman Government over budget cuts and claimed a lack of resources would hamper the commission’s potential to investigate new complaints

In August, the chief commissioner Murray Kellam stood down following a parting shot at the Government, accusing it of complacency in tackling corruption.

The Joint Standing Committee on Integrity completed a evaluation of the commission earlier this year.

The State Opposition claims the Government does not support the commission, but in announcing the 5-year overview Ms Goodwin mentioned “…the Integrity Commission ought to continue to play an investigative part right after the five year-review”.

William Cox is a former chief justice of the Supreme Court.

He will commence the overview in February.

Topics: public-sector, ethics, states-and-territories, tas

First posted November 29, 2015 12:17:ten

Agen Sabung Ayam

Former terrorist warns Australia is a ‘ticking time bomb’

Posted November 28, 2015 09:56:27

The former deputy head of the Australian branch of Jemaah Islamiah has described Australia as a “ticking time bomb” as it struggles to contain the spread of radicalism.

Abdurrahman Ayyub was as soon as a single of Australia’s most-wanted terrorists.

Now he operates for Indonesia’s anti-terrorism agency, recognized as the BNPT, on its deradicalisation program.

In the nation’s prisons and in the communities, he spreads the message of moderate Islam.

“What Indonesia is performing is recognised by the globe now,” Mr Ayyub said.

“The counter-terrorism agency operating with each other with former radicals — that’s really important, because there is no way a doctrine can modify on its own without having dialogue.”

Australia not addressing radicalised youth: Ayyub

Mr Ayyub entered Australia in the 1990s to recruit and fundraise for Jemaah Islamiah, the terrorist group responsible for the Bali attacks.

Men and women can rapidly turn radical and intense, even even though now they appear calm.

Former terrorist Abdurrahman Ayyub

He fled Australia soon after the nightclub bombings in 2002, but insists he had no prior knowledge of the attacks.

He said Australia’s counter-terrorism strategies had been lacking dialogue especially with the nation’s youth.

“Australia is sitting on a time bomb, which means individuals can speedily turn radical and extreme, even even though now they appear calm,” Mr Ayyub said.

“What has Australia done in regards to these dialogues for the youth? Somebody who was just like I was.

“I am asking the query to Australia: What have you done about deradicalisation?”

Hundreds of Indonesian terrorists await prison release: Bishop

Mr Ayyub’s twin brother Abdul Rahim Ayyub was married to Australian-born jihadist Rabiah Hutchinson.

Their Australian kid, Mr Ayyub’s nephew, is now fighting in Syria.

“My nephew went there — Muhammad Ilyas, the son of Rabiah, he left to join ISIS,” Mr Ayyub mentioned.

They have changed their attitude, behaviour and hopefully also their mindset. So they no longer have their old approaches, their point of view has changed.

“How many like that are undetected? How several still hold grudges?”

Australia’s Foreign Minister has repeatedly expressed concern about convicted terrorists being released from Indonesia jails.

“A considerable quantity of prisoners in Indonesian prisons who have been convicted of terrorist-associated activities will be released. It runs into the hundreds,” Julie Bishop stated on the sidelines of the UN safety council meeting in New York in September.

“And of course, if they’ve not been rehabilitated, then they pose a serious risk, not only to Indonesia, but to our region.”

Indonesia’s correctional solutions physique says 41 convicted terrorists have been released from jail this year.

“According to our investigation, these inmates, prisoners, are reformed terrorists,” Akbar Hadi Prabowo, a spokesman at the directorate general of correctional facilities, stated.

“They have changed their attitude, behaviour and hopefully also their mindset. So they no longer have their old ways, their point of view has changed.”

Rehabilitation a ‘never-ending cycle’

Senior Indonesia Army commander, Significant General Agus Surya Bakti led the nation’s deradicalisation efforts as part of the BNPT.

“We stay vigilant,” Significant General Bakti mentioned.

“The approach of deradicalisation is a by no means-ending cycle.

Umar Patek, who made the bomb for the 2012 Bali bombings, in jail in Indonesia. Photo: Bali bombings explosives maker Umar Patek is regarded as a deradicalisation accomplishment story. (ABC)

“The rehabilitation approach in the prisons will be continued with rehabilitation approach in society.”

There are more than 250 terrorists detained in jails across the country.

Umar Patek, who is serving a 20-year sentence for creating the explosives used in the deadly 2002 Bali nightclub bombings, is now noticed as an Indonesian deradicalisation accomplishment story.

Video footage from Porong prison in east Java shows Patek raising the Indonesian flag.

“Who doesn’t know Umar Patek,” Main Common Bakti mentioned.

“He flew the flag, saluted it, it is an extraordinary thing.”

There has been no suggestion at this stage that Patek will be released early.

Subjects: terrorism, islam, prisons-and-punishment, law-crime-and-justice, indonesia, australia

Agen Sabung Ayam

Adele Mailer, former wife of Norman Mailer, dead at age 90

By HILLEL ITALIE, AP National Writer

NEW YORK (AP) — Adele Morales Mailer, an actress and artist who studied below Lee Strasberg and Hans Hoffman, but located undesirable fame as the stabbing victim of her then-husband Norman Mailer, died Sunday at age 90 at New York-Presbyterian Hospital.

The lead to was pneumonia, daughter Danielle Mailer told The Linked Press on Monday.

“She wanted to be remembered as a gifted painter and actress and as a mother who was fiercely devoted to her (two) girls,” Danielle Mailer stated, whilst acknowledging that she would be known to a lot of for an act of violence her husband committed 55 years ago.

Adele Morales Mailer was the second of Norman Mailer’s six wives. They had been married six years when in November 1960 they got into a drunken argument following a celebration at their Manhattan apartment and the author stabbed her close to the heart with a penknife.

The widely reported incident left her in critical situation, with wounds in her abdomen and back. Norman Mailer was indicted for felonious assault, but Adele declined to press charges, saying she wanted to safeguard their daughters. He later received a suspended sentence right after pleading guilty to third-degree assault.

“I came in make contact with for the first time in my life with the depths of my own rage,” he later stated of the stabbing, which helped define his belligerent image.

The Mailers have been divorced in 1962 and Adele remained scarred and angry for decades soon after, her daughter told the AP. Even though Norman Mailer’s career continued with barely an interruption, Adele ended up in a Manhattan tenement.

“I can’t think I’ve come to this, and a lot of that is due to him, due to the fact Mailer would not aid me,” she told The New York Times in 2007, not lengthy after the author’s death. “I am living in poverty.”

Danielle Mailer said her mother remained devoted to art soon after her marriage and turned her house into a “giant installation” of assemblages, her chosen medium.

“She lived and breathed her art and she passed it on to us,” Danielle said, noting that she was a painter and her sister, Elizabeth, a writer.

A native of New York City, Adele met Mailer in the early 1950s, when she was a painter and bohemian who had briefly dated Jack Kerouac and he was the renowned author of “The Naked and the Dead.” They later had houses in Manhattan and Connecticut, and socialized with William Styron, James Baldwin and other folks. But they argued frequently and she also had to intervene when he fought with other folks, as soon as bailing him out following he had a drunken encounter with police.

Adele Mailer wrote of the stabbing in her 1997 memoir, “The Last Celebration,” and recalled it for the 2010 documentary “Norman Mailer: The American.”

“He was down in the street punching folks,” she stated of that evening, when he had intended to launch a bid for New York City mayor. “He didn’t know who he was. He did not know what his name was, he was so out of it.

She would bear in mind him bursting in on her in their apartment — “his physique coming toward me in a rush. I didn’t see the knife in his hand” — and his indifference as she lay bleeding.

“That will be seared in my memory for ever and ever,” she mentioned.

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Bandar Sabung Ayam

Kim Young-sam, Former President of South Korea, Dies at 87


Kim Young-sam waving in the course of a parade on Feb. 25, 1993, in Seoul, soon after getting sworn in as South Korea’s 14th president. Credit Yonhap/European Pressphoto Agency

SEOUL, South Korea â?? Kim Young-sam, the former president of South Korea who replaced the final of the countryâ??s military leaders, purged politicized generals and introduced a landmark reform aimed at transparency in financial transactions, died on Sunday. He was 87.

Mr. Kim, who was president from 1993 to 1998, died of septicemia and heart failure, stated Oh Byung-hee, the chief of Seoul National University Hospital, where Mr. Kim was admitted with a fever on Friday. He had been treated for a series of strokes and pneumonia in current years.

Mr. Kim, an outspoken critic of military dictators from the 1960s by means of the 1980s, was a single of the â??three Kimsâ? â?? the other folks were former President Kim Dae-jung and former Prime Minister Kim Jong-pil â?? who played major roles, often relying on regional help from their home provinces, in the course of South Koreaâ??s turbulent transition from dictatorship to democracy.

Mr. Kim was born in 1927, a son of a wealthy anchovy fisherman on Geoje Island, off the southeast coast of South Korea, throughout a time when all of the Korean Peninsula was a Japanese colony. He was elected to Parliament at age 26 and created a following as an opposition leader famed for his daring criticism of Park Chung-hee, who seized power in a coup in 1961 and tortured and imprisoned dissidents prior to his assassination in 1979.


Kim Young-sam dragged off by plainclothes policemen in Seoul in 1986. Mr. Kim was an outspoken critic of military dictators from the 1960s via the 1980s. Credit Heesoon Yim/Agence France-Presse â?? Getty Pictures

Mr. Park had Mr. Kim expelled from Parliament for criticizing his dictatorship in the course of an interview with The New York Times in 1979. Mr. Kimâ??s colleagues resigned from Parliament in protest, and massive antigovernment demonstrations broke out in Mr. Kimâ??s political residence ground in the southeast. Mr. Park was assassinated by his spy chief later that year.

Mr. Kimâ??s travails continued when Mr. Park was replaced by Chun Doo-hwan, an army main general who engineered a coup to fill the power vacuum left by his patronâ??s death. Mr. Kim was barred from politics and put under property arrest. He once staged a 23-day hunger strike.

â??Dawn will come even if the rooster is strangled,â? he when said, a saying that became a catchphrase for Koreansâ?? yearning for democracy.

Mr. Kim was as effectively recognized for a lifetime rivalry with Kim Dae-jung, a fellow opposition leader from the southwest Jeolla area. They both ran for president in 1987 in South Koreaâ??s 1st democratic election and split the opposition vote, permitting Mr. Chunâ??s handpicked successor, Roh Tae-woo, another former army basic, to win.

In 1990, Mr. Kim merged his celebration with Mr. Rohâ??s military-backed governing celebration in a move widely condemned as a betrayal of pro-democracy forces. The merger was a political marriage of convenience: Mr. Roh wanted a parliamentary majority, and Mr. Kim, who distrusted Kim Dae-jung as significantly as he detested the military dictators, believed that he would never ever win the presidency as lengthy as the other Mr. Kim competed with him for the opposition vote.

When in the governing party, whose leading hierarchy integrated a lot of former generals, Mr. Kim and his followers, vastly outnumbered by rival factions but all seasoned veterans in party politics, rapidly expanded their ranks and dominated the celebration.

Mr. Kim beat Kim Dae-jung in the 1992 election to become the initial civilian leader in South Korea in much more than 3 decades.

Although he won the election with the support of the military-backed party, Mr. Kim did not overlook his roots. He purged a clique of politically ambitious army officers who went by the name Hanahoe, which roughly meant â??an association of one-for-all, all-for-one particular.â? Bound by their regional prejudices and sponsored by the military dictators, the members of the group were so potent they blackmailed â?? and even beat up â?? members of Parliament. The officers had been forced to retire.

Mr. Kimâ??s military purge culminated in the arrest and conviction of Mr. Chun and Mr. Roh on mutiny and corruption charges for their roles in the 1979 coup and a bloody crackdown on a pro-democracy uprising in the following year, as effectively as for collecting hundreds of millions of dollars every in bribes from businessmen. (Mr. Kim later pardoned them and released them from prison.)

Mr. Kim also barred South Koreans from owning bank accounts below pseudonyms. That adjust is regarded one particular of the most essential landmarks in South Koreaâ??s lengthy-operating campaign against corruption bank accounts below borrowed names had been extensively employed by politicians and businessmen to hide slush funds.

But Mr. Kimâ??s time in workplace was also marked by missed possibilities.

In his memoir, Mr. Kim said he persuaded President Bill Clinton to cancel the United Statesâ?? plan to bomb North Koreaâ??s nuclear facilities in 1994 for fear of war.

â??Looking back,â? Mr. Kim stated in an interview in 2009, â??I consider the North Koreans believe they can say whatever they want simply because no matter what they do, the Americans will by no means attack them.â?

The 1994 nuclear crisis was defused when former President Jimmy Carter met with the North Korean leader at the time, Kim Il-sung, in Pyongyang, the Northâ??s capital, and brokered what would have been the first summit meeting between the leaders of the two Koreas. But Kim Il-sung died of heart failure in July 1994, two weeks before the meeting was scheduled to take location. â?Fate played a trick on me,â? Mr. Kim said. â??If I had met Kim Il-sung, I would have changed the nationâ??s history.â?

The achievement that had eluded him â?? becoming the 1st South Korean leader to hold a summit meeting with the North â?? went to his rival and successor, Kim Dae-jung. In 2000, Kim Dae-jung flew to Pyongyang and met with Kim Jong-il, Kim Il-sungâ??s son and successor. That year, Kim Dae-jung was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

By the time Kim Young-sam ended his 5-year term in early 1998, he was a sad, disgraced lame duck.

In 1997, South Koreaâ??s proud economy swallowed the humiliation of a $ 58 billion bailout from the International Monetary Fund during the Asian financial crisis. Mr. Kim was criticized for failing to stop the crisis by overhauling the countryâ??s effective household-run conglomerates, which had expanded on reckless borrowing and with cozy ties to the government.

With thousands of men and women losing their jobs, Mr. Kim stopped jogging in the early morning, a daily routine that he had never ever missed until then.

Mr. Kimâ??s reputation was additional tarnished with the arrest of a son on corruption charges. His governing party was so unpopular that South Koreans have been ready to hand over energy to the opposition for the first time, as they did with the election of Kim Dae-jung in late 1997.