Tag Archives: leaders

North Korean leader’s H-bomb claim draws scepticism

Posted December 11, 2015 00:56:39

Kim Jong-un Photo: North Korean leader Kim Jong-un (front) says his nation possesses both the hydrogen and atomic bombs. (Reuters: KCNA)

North Korea’s leader Kim Jong-un has recommended his nation possesses a hydrogen bomb, as well as an atomic bomb.

The claim has been met with scepticism but, if true, it would represent a step forward in North Korea’s nuclear capabilities.

Mr Kim produced the comments as he toured the Phyongchon Revolutionary Website, which marks the feats of his father, who died in 2011, and his grandfather, state founder and eternal president Kim Il Sung, the official KCNA news agency mentioned.

The perform of Kim Il-sung “turned the DPRK into a potent nuclear weapons state prepared to detonate a self-reliant A-bomb and H-bomb to reliably defend its sovereignty and the dignity of the nation,” KCNA quoted Mr Kim as saying.

DPRK are the initials of the isolated North’s official name, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

A hydrogen bomb, also recognized as a thermonuclear bomb, makes use of far more sophisticated technology to generate a significantly more strong blast than an atomic bomb.

North Korea carried out underground tests to set off nuclear devices in 2006, 2009 and 2013, for which it has been topic to UN Safety Council sanctions banning trade and financing activities that help its weapons system.

Kim Jong-un looks at guns. Photo: North Korean leader Kim Jong-un visits the Phyongchon Revolutionary Site, which marks the feats of his father and grandfather. (Reuters: KCNA)

An official at South Korea’s intelligence agency told Yonhap news agency there was no proof that the North had hydrogen bomb capacity, and believed Mr Kim was speaking rhetorically.

The foreign ministry in China, North Korea’s most critical economic and diplomatic backer, mentioned China was devoted to making certain the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula and resolving problems via talks.

“We hope that all sides can do more to ameliorate the scenario and make constructive efforts to sustain peace and stability on the peninsula,” ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying told a daily news briefing when asked about Mr Kim’s remarks.

Impoverished North Korea and wealthy, democratic South Korea stay technically at war after their 1950-53 conflict ended in a truce, not a treaty. The North has threatened to destroy the South and its major ally, the United States, in a sea of flames.

Despite the underground tests, outdoors specialists suspect the North is quick of achieving the capability to place a nuclear warhead on a missile, even though it has boasted it had succeeded in the miniaturisation of a weapon.

If the hydrogen bomb claim is accurate, it would indicate advances in the North’s pursuit of nuclear weapons.

“I think it is unlikely that they have an H-bomb at the moment, but I do not anticipate them to keep testing simple devices indefinitely, either,” stated Jeffrey Lewis of the California-primarily based Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey.

It was attainable the North was referring to the technology of boosting the yield of a nuclear device, possibly utilizing fusion fuel, Mr Lewis said.

North Korea claimed in 2010 that it had effectively developed fusion technology.

Assessing progress of the North’s nuclear program is tough simply because no-one outside a close circle of leaders and professionals knows what advances have been created.

Reuters

Topics: government-and-politics, korea-democratic-individuals-s-republic-of

Agen Sabung Ayam

Myanmar opposition keeps quiet on outcomes of leaders’ meetings

Posted December 03, 2015 22:19:07

Aung San Suu Kyi and military chief Min Aung Hlaing meet to discuss transition Photo: Aung San Suu Kyi (L) meeting with military commander-in-chief Min Aung Hlaing at military headquarters. (AFP/Myawaddy)

Myanmar’s opposition is tight-lipped about the outcomes of separate talks among leader Aung San Suu Kyi and the country’s president and best basic, citing the need to have for goodwill with its future government partners to ensure a smooth path to workplace.

We have been struggling for a lot more than 27 years to attain this stage. We are asking repeatedly, repeatedly to have a dialogue. What happened yesterday, our want was fulfilled.

Senior National League for Democracy member Win Htein

Ms Suu Kyi on Wednesday met with the Myanmar military’s commander-in-chief Senior Basic Min Aung Hlaing, the head of a military she must work with in power-sharing executive, despite her party securing an overwhelming public mandate in the November 8 common election.

Their hour-long discussion appeared to be cordial, described by a smiling Min Aung Hlaing as “quite good”.

Senior National League for Democracy (NLD) member Win Htein said the victors would not rock the boat and had been ordered to hold method a secret.

Ms Suu Kyi’s NLD won much more than four-fifths of the vote, but a constitution written by the military just before it ceded power in 2011 guarantees its nominees get 25 per cent of parliamentary seats, three essential cabinet posts and a vice-presidential position.

Myanmar’s post-colonial history

  • 1886: Britain annexes Burma following the finish of Anglo-Burmese wars
  • 1947: Following Globe War II, Aung San — Suu Kyi’s father — negotiates independence. Later that year he is killed, along with other cabinet members, by political rivals
  • 1948: Becomes independent republic in January. U Nu is prime minister
  • 1962: Common Ne Win requires control of the country in a coup d’etat
  • 1990: Suu Kyi’s NLD wins the initial national elections in practically 30 years. The military annuls the outcome
  • 2008: Right after a referendum, Myanmar enacts a new constitution
  • 2010: Military-backed USDP declares victory in the first election under the new constitution amid claims of voting fraud
  • 2011: Myanmar’s junta makes way for a new government but several serving and retired soldiers stay in parliament
  • 2012: Suu Kyi’s NLD wins 43 of 45 seats in a by-election, prompting some sanctions to be lifted

The talks have been hugely symbolic, with the figurehead of a when persecuted pro-democracy movement discussing Myanmar’s future with the chief of a military that utilized an iron fist to monopolise power for five decades.

“We should be, for the time being, tight lipped,” the NLD’s Win Htein mentioned when asked what they discussed.

“We have been struggling for more than 27 years to reach this stage. We are asking repeatedly, repeatedly to have a dialogue. What occurred yesterday, our want was fulfilled.”

Earlier in the day, Ms Suu Kyi had talks with incumbent president Thein Sein for the 1st time because the NLD swept to victory in November.

The closed-door meeting at his residence in Naypyitaw and the 45-minute talks had been centred on the transfer of energy, according to the president’s spokesman and details minister, U Ye Htut.

The pair smiled as they shook hands for the cameras prior to the closed-door session began.

“They discussed the peaceful transfer to the subsequent government. The discussion was warm and open,” Mr Ye Htut, who was at the meeting, told reporters.

Aung San Suu Kyi meets with incumbent president Thein Sein. Photo: Leader of the victorious NLD celebration Aung San Suu Kyi (L) meets with incumbent president Thein Sein. (Supplied: Myanmar President Office)

Victor ‘prudent’ to preserve quiet on transition

In spite of the NLD’s sweeping win, public doubts linger about the military’s government part given its record of political intervention and profitable network of companies that could be impacted by future policy shifts.

Complicating that difficult equation is Ms Suu Kyi’s intent to adjust articles of a constitution that not only grants the military a veto on amending it, but excludes her from becoming president due to her sons’ foreign citizenship.

Her ties with the generals have warmed since she joined parliament in 2012, but have been tested when the NLD gathered five million signatures in a petition urging MPs to vote to remove the military’s legislative veto.

That failed, and she criticised Min Aung Hlaing for interfering in democracy.

Khin Zaw Win of the Tampadipa Institute believe-tank said the gag order was understandable provided the NLD’s inexperience, but Ms Suu Kyi herself ought to tread carefully obtaining stirred controversy by announcing a plan to control a nominee president.

“Their leader discovered it prudent to tell them to preserve quiet,” he said.

“At the very same time … she is placing the brakes on the MPs but is herself going complete swing.”

Reuters

Subjects: elections, army, human, defence-forces, globe-politics, burma, asia

Agen Sabung Ayam

Planet leaders applaud Australia’s climate objectives in Paris: Hunt

Updated December 01, 2015 23:35:31

Planet leaders have applauded Australia’s climate targets at the United Nations Climate Alter Conference, Environment Minister Greg Hunt says.

Speaking to Lateline from the talks in Paris, Mr Hunt described Australia’s targets of 26 to 28 per cent reductions in emissions by 2030 as “ambitious”.

He stated compared to some of the excellent economies of the planet, Australia was performing far more than its fair share.

“In per capita terms, Australia is lifting heavily, we are undertaking more than our fair share, since we are proper at the front of the planet in per capita reductions, which is a proxy for work,” he stated.

Mr Hunt stated Australia’s efforts had been recognised by other heads of state in Paris.

“I’ve got to say, the response that other nations had offered us and the response from the floor of the conference hall has been overwhelming assistance,” he said.

“A sense that Australia is actually leading via our saving of 90 billion tonnes at a international level.

“Our personal commitments, the fact that we have created the announcement that we would meet and beat our targets and sign on to the Kyoto Protocol, these are key international achievements acknowledged by the international neighborhood.”

Opposition Leader Bill Shorten, who also visited Paris for the talks, final week announced Labor’s new climate policy with an emissions reduction target of 45 per cent on 2005 levels by 2030.

Greg Hunt says Australia's plans have been applauded at the Paris climate talksVideo: Greg Hunt says Australia’s plans have been applauded at the Paris climate talks (Lateline)

Mr Hunt admitted that Australia was a larger emitting nation per capita, but he mentioned that would modify.

“We are beginning from a larger base. I cannot change history or the reality of the economy as it is,” he stated.

“But what we have completed is set a policy that will see us decrease from becoming the 14th highest emitter in the world, down to the 25th highest emitter by 2030. That is a really important modify.”

Mr Hunt also backed the Federal Government’s program to commit $ 1 billion from the foreign aid price range to aid Pacific nations tackle climate adjust.

“Julie Bishop is a master in this space of delivery of Australian help in a way which meets our worldwide objectives, our regional objectives, but their national demands,” he said.

He mentioned it was yet another announcement welcomed by world leaders at the conference.

“It is something that has been embraced,” he stated.

“The conference of the climate change convention, when the Prime Minister announced that, stopped, and applauded widely.

“It really is a sign of Australia’s international standing.”

Subjects: climate-modify, environment, federal-government, government-and-politics, planet-politics, france, australia

Very first posted December 01, 2015 22:18:57

Agen Sabung Ayam

IS leader’s ex-wife amongst captives freed in Nusra Front-Lebanon prisoner swap

Posted December 01, 2015 23:35:31

Al Qaeda’s Syrian wing, the Nusra Front, has released 16 Lebanese soldiers and policemen held captive considering that 2014 in a Qatari-mediated deal.

In exchange, the Nusra Front received aid, as effectively as 13 prisoners, including Saja al-Dulaimi, the ex-wife of Islamic State (IS) jihadist group leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, and her youngsters.

The exchange brought a partial finish to a hostage crisis that has haunted Lebanon for over a year.

The Nusra Front seized the Lebanese during an attack on the border town of Arsal in August 2014 mounted with each other with IS — which is nevertheless believed to be holding nine soldiers captured in the incursion.

Live Television footage from the border area amongst Lebanon and Syria showed the Lebanese captives in autos accompanied by masked males armed with assault rifles and waving the Nusra Front flag prior to they have been released to the Red Cross.

Dulaimi, fully veiled, was shown in live Television footage from the area with her three children who have been with her in prison.

A Lebanese soldier helps a fellow member of the security forces moments after his release. Photo: A Lebanese soldier assists a fellow member of the safety forces moments following his release by Nusra Front. (AFP)

Nusra Front fighters were shown kissing and hugging the sons of Dulaimi, who was arrested by the Lebanese authorities a year ago.

Speaking to Al Jazeera, she said her want was to return to Beirut and then to leave to Turkey.

“We accomplished the whole agreement with Nusra. We received our heroic soldiers and we are on our way back to Beirut,” prime Lebanese safety official Abbas Ibrahim, who oversaw the swap, told Reuters by telephone.

“This joy not complete till the return of those kidnapped by Daesh (IS). We are ready to negotiate with Daesh if we find an individual to negotiate with,” he stated.

The Nusra Front fighters chanted “God is great” as they arrived with the captives in preparation for the swap.

One of the captives, interviewed by Al Jazeera, said the group had treated them properly. Even so Nusra is stated to have killed four of the original captives.

The exchange started with the Nusra Front releasing the physique of a single of the Lebanese soldiers it had killed in captivity, Mohamed Hamieh.

Qatar has been involved in efforts to mediate the release of the captives for a year or much more.

A prior effort to secure their release broke down a year ago, after 1 of the captives was killed.

Reuters/AFP

Subjects: unrest-conflict-and-war, prisons-and-punishment, terrorism, lebanon, syrian-arab-republic

Agen Sabung Ayam

In their words: World leaders get in touch with for climate action in Paris

Posted December 01, 2015 09:26:32

Map: France

Globe leaders speak at the climate change summit in Paris.

Our agreement in Paris should give a typical platform for action. Australia is not daunted by the challenge. With fantastic optimism and faith in humanity’s genius for invention, we are confident that with collective leadership we will, with common cause, secure our future.

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull

As the leader of the world’s biggest economy and the second largest [greenhouse gas] emitter … the United States of America not only recognises our role in creating this difficulty, we embrace our duty to do anything about it.

Barack Obama, US president

Developed nations ought to honour their commitment of mobilising $ US100 billion every year from 2020 and offer stronger monetary assistance to establishing countries afterwards … It is also important that climate-friendly technologies be transferred to developing nations.

Xi Jinping, Chinese president

Infographic: Tuvalu prime minister Enele Sopoaga.

[Governments need to show the strongest leadership to limit] the effects of climate modify which we strongly think is also the cause of radicalism and terrorism. The plight of refugees we see today … and increasing terrorisms and radicalism represents a small measure of what the planet, mankind, will face if we do not tackle climate alter.

Tuvalu prime minister Enele Sopoaga

To resolve the climate crisis, very good will [and] statements of intent are not sufficient … We are at breaking point.

Francois Hollande, French president

This is a question of environmental necessity, but also of economic frequent sense … Our really future as humankind hinges on this … Billions of individuals are pinning their hopes on what we attain here in Paris.

Angela Merkel, German chancellor

Infographic: President of Comoros Ikililou Dhoinine.

We have to accept the reality that climate alter is accelerating more quickly than climate adjust negotiations.

President of Comoros Ikililou Dhoinine

We think about it crucial that the new climate agreement is based on the principles of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and is legally binding. Each created and creating economies must take portion in its realisation.

Vladimir Putin, Russian president

Climate modify is a major global challenge. But it is not of our creating … We want the world to perform with urgency. We want a complete, equitable and tough agreement which should lead us to restore the balance between humanity and nature and in between what we have inherited and what we will leave behind.

Narendra Modi, Indian prime minister

I urge you to instruct your negotiators to decide on the path of compromise and consensus. Bold climate action is in the national interest of every single country represented at this conference. The time for brinksmanship is over.

Ban Ki-moon, UN secretary-general

Infographic: Honduran President Juan Hernandez delivers a speech at the COP 21 United Nations conference on climate alter, on November 30, 2015 at Le Bourget (AFP: Jacques Demarthon)

For Honduras, climate modify is a matter of life and death. The figures never add up … we are not all equally responsible. We have not come cap in hand … we come to show you how  much we endure.

President of Honduras Juan Hernandez

If the planet have been a patient, we would have treated her long ago. You, ladies and gentlemen, have the power to place her on life support, and you need to surely begin the emergency procedures with no further procrastination.

Prince Charles of Britain

Topics: climate-modify, environment, france

Agen Sabung Ayam

The Latest: French, UK leaders pay homage at concert venue

PARIS (AP) — French President Francois Hollande and British Prime Minister David Cameron have visited the Bataclan concert venue in central Paris, which saw the worst carnage of the attacks that killed 130 people.

Hollande and Cameron have been meeting Monday in Paris as the French leader presses for a stronger international coalition against Islamic State. He is headed to Washington and Moscow later in the week.

The selection to head to the Bataclan was not announced in advance and came amid tight safety in both Paris and Brussels, house to several of the guys identified as suspects in the Nov. 13 attack.

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Bandar Sabung Ayam

Bangladesh Hangs 2 Leaders Convicted of War Crimes

NEW DELHI — The Bangladeshi authorities on Sunday hanged two senior opposition leaders convicted of atrocities dating to Bangladesh’s 1971 war for independence from Pakistan.

Violent protests have followed previous convictions and executions from the war crimes trials, and the authorities deployed heavy security and asked organizations adjacent to the Dhaka Central Jail to close their doors. Toward midnight on Saturday, an imam was noticed getting into the jail, and household members filed out following final meetings with the condemned males, Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury and Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mojaheed.

Each have been executed shortly right after midnight.

Bangladesh’s law minister, Anisul Huq, mentioned that the two men petitioned the president for clemency on Saturday and that the president had rejected the petition. In a short comment released by Human Rights Watch, however, relatives of Mr. Chowdhury said that was not correct.

“He didn’t apply for mercy,” the statement mentioned. “And he undoubtedly didn’t admit guilt.”

Continue reading the major story

The war crimes trials, which started in 2009, have widened fault lines dating to 1971 over regardless of whether Bangladesh should be a secular or Islamist country. They have unfolded against a background of rising extremist violence, with deadly attacks on secular intellectuals and religious minority groups becoming a lot more frequent more than the final year.

Human Rights Watch, which is based in New York, criticized the trials as biased toward the prosecution, noting that the defense was prevented from calling important witnesses to testify. In Mr. Chowdhury’s case, the court excluded witnesses who could have proved that “his alibi was valid beyond a reasonable doubt,” the group mentioned.

Mr. Chowdhury and Mr. Mojaheed had been leaders of parties opposed to the governing Awami League, which is led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. They had opposed the creation of an independent Bangladesh in 1971.

Mr. Chowdhury, 66, was an adviser to former Prime Minister Khaleda Zia, Ms. Hasina’s longtime political adversary and a member of the standing committee for the Bangladesh National Party.

In the course of the 1971 war, he was a student at Dhaka University. Prosecutors mentioned that his father had utilised the family residence in the coastal city of Chittagong as an interrogation center and that Mr. Chowdhury had tortured prisoners there.

A 3-judge tribunal found him guilty of nine of 23 charges, such as attempting “to wipe out the Hindu population as a religious group by launching a systematic attack on a large scale with the help of the Pakistan Army.”

Throughout the trial, which lasted for three years, Mr. Chowdhury insisted that he was innocent. He was caustic about the prosecution, remarking at a single point that of the three million people killed throughout the 1971 war, “you say I have killed two million.”

Stephen J. Rapp, a former American ambassador who led the State Department’s Workplace of Global Criminal Justice, called Mr. Chowdhury’s prosecution “particularly disturbing” simply because he was not permitted to contact witnesses who could testify that he left Bangladesh in March 1971, and was as a result not in the country at the time of the crimes he was accused of committing.

“For such a method to stand the test of time,” it need to respect “the highest legal standards,” Mr. Rapp stated in a statement released on Friday. “It saddens me to say that I do not believe that was done” in the circumstances of Mr. Chowdhury and Mr. Mojaheed.

Mr. Mojaheed served as minister of social welfare from 2001 to 2006, and he was secretary basic of the country’s major Islamist party, Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh.

He was convicted of 4 charges, such as organizing the murders of intellectuals and minority Hindus although he commanded Al Badr, an auxiliary force of the Pakistani Army.

After the judge pronounced the verdict, Mr. Mojaheed shouted from the dock that the selection was “a hundred percent injustice,” according to a reporter who was present. “Forging an Islamic movement was my offense,” he said.

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Bangladesh executes 2 opposition leaders despite concerns

NEW DELHI (AP) — Bangladesh executed two influential opposition leaders on charges of war crimes for the duration of the country’s 1971 independence war, a senior jail official mentioned Sunday, despite issues that the legal proceedings against them have been flawed and threats of violence by their supporters.

Bangladesh Nationalist Party leader Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury and Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid, secretary basic of the major Islamist party Jamaat-e-Islami, had been “hanged collectively, at the identical time” at 12:55 a.m. at Dhaka Central Jail in the nation’s capital, Senior Jail Superintendent Mohammad Jahangir Kabir told The Associated Press.

Security was strengthened near the jail and elsewhere to stay away from any violence. A handful of hours soon after the execution, a safety detail escorted ambulances carrying the men’s bodies to their ancestral homes exactly where their families were to perform burial rituals.

The Jamaat-e-Islami party, whose two other senior leaders currently have been executed on war crimes charges, issued a statement calling for a nationwide basic strike on Monday.

Chowdhury was convicted on of charges of torture, rape and genocide during the country’s independence war against Pakistan, even though Mujahid was discovered guilty on charges of genocide, conspiracy in killing intellectuals, torture and abduction.

On Wednesday, Bangladesh’s Supreme Court upheld their death sentences, and on Saturday, President Mohammad Abdul Hamid rejected a clemency appeal, clearing the way for the executions. The households of Chowdhury and Mujahid met them for the last time inside Dhaka Central Jail on Saturday evening, authorities mentioned.

Jamaat-e-Islami and the Bangladesh Nationalist Celebration say the trials were politically motivated. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has denied the allegations. She has acknowledged that she faced international stress for attempting opposition figures for war crimes, but vowed to continue the trials “to make sure justice for the households of the slain people” from the 1971 war.

More than 15 individuals, largely leaders of Jamaat-e-Islami, have been convicted of war crimes.

The celebration had campaigned openly against independence for Bangladesh, which was element of Pakistan till the 1971 war. The Bangladesh government says that Pakistani soldiers, aided by neighborhood collaborators, killed three million individuals and raped 200,000 females during the war.

Mujahid, 67, was the head of Islami Chhatra Sangha, then the student wing of Jamaat-e-Islami . He was accused of being the mastermind behind the killing of intellectuals, like teachers and journalists, days before the Pakistani military surrendered to a joint force of freedom fighters and Indian army units on Dec. 16, 1971, right after a bloody nine-month war.

Chowdhury, 66, whose father was the speaker of Pakistan’s National Assembly and at instances, the acting president of Pakistan, also actively opposed Bangladeshi independence. He was accused of carrying out war crimes, which includes killing a lot more than 200 civilians, mostly minority Hindus, during the independence war, according to evidence presented at the tribunal.

U.S. lawmakers overseeing foreign policy described the war crimes tribunal, set up in 2013, as “quite flawed” and a implies of political retribution. The State Division said Friday that executions ought to not take location till it really is clear the trial procedure meets international standards.

Stephen Rapp, who till August served as President Barack Obama’s ambassador for war crimes, mentioned it was “disturbing” that Chowdhury was denied the proper to call alibi witnesses, like a former U.S. ambassador, to provide testimony that he was not present in Bangladesh at the time the alleged crimes were committed.

Human Rights Watch stated the tribunal permitted the prosecution to contact 41 witnesses, while Chowdhury’s defense was limited to 4 witnesses. The New York-primarily based group mentioned Mujahid was sentenced to death for instigating his subordinates to commit abuses, though no subordinates testified or were identified.

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