Tag Archives: Russian

21 killed in fire at Russian psychiatric hospital

Posted December 13, 2015 16:31:47

Associated Story: 17 dead as wildfires sweep by means of Siberia
Map: Russian Federation

A fire at a psychiatric hospital in southern Russia has killed 21 folks, the country’s emergencies ministry says.

“Nineteen bodies were located at the web site of the fire, two other folks succumbed to their wounds at the hospital,” a ministry spokesman mentioned.

The hospital building, created of wood, was destroyed by the fire, the spokesman stated.

A further 20 people had been injured.

The fire broke out at the hospital in the village of Alferovka, which lies in the area of Voronezh in the south of the nation.

It was not immediately clear what triggered the blaze.

The fire was the most current tragedy to hit a psychiatric institution in Russia, where outdated Soviet-era infrastructure is still in widespread use and managers often take a lax approach to fire safety.

Scores of individuals also die in house fires every year.

A fire at a psychiatric hospital in north-west Russia in September 2013 left 37 folks dead although one more blaze in April of the very same year killed 38.

In 2009, 156 folks were killed in a nightclub fire in the city of Perm, 1,200 kilometres east of Moscow in one of the deadliest accidents in Russia’s modern day history.


Topics: fires, industrial-fires, russian-federation

Agen Sabung Ayam

Russian royal buried in Darwin in plot owned by NT’s richest family members

By Elliana Lawford

Posted December 08, 2015 21:42:34

Russian royal buried in Darwin Photo: Russian royal Leonid Gurevich Kulikovsky has been buried in Darwin. (ABC News: Elliana Lawford)
Associated Story: Russian royal farewelled in Darwin after dying alone in Katherine
Map: Darwin 0800

A Russian royal who died alone in the Top Finish town of Katherine has been buried alongside members of the Northern Territory’s richest family members, the Paspaleys.

Leonid Gurevich Kulikovsky was the fantastic grandson of Tsar Alexander III, who reigned in Russia in the 1800s.

Mr Kulikovsky emigrated to Australia in 1967 to discover “greener pastures” and reside “incognito”.

He died a pauper in September, below a tree in Katherine, accompanied only by his faithful dog.

After his death the Paspaleys, themselves immigrants from Greece who fled World War I for Australia and created their fortune in pearling, approached the Russian representative in the Northern Territory, Simon Andropov.

They presented to bury Mr Kulikovsky in their private family burial ground.

Mr Andropov stated it was fitting that Mr Kulikovsky was buried in a Greek cemetery.

“It’s good that he’s gone to a Greek cemetery, because his grandfather escaped from Russia through the Islands of Greece and the Greeks showed them all the courtesy and hospitality, and it really is just good that his grandson is now buried in a Greek plot in Darwin,” Mr Andropov mentioned.

Russian royals may possibly pay a visit to NT

Mr Andropov said members of the royal household would like to pay a visit to his grave.

“The grand duchess has expressed a wish to come and see Darwin,” Mr Andropov stated.

“She expressed that wish via father Michael, who did [Mr Kulikovsky’s] service at the Serbian Church.

She’s really grand and she’s got very an entourage, so hopefully she may come out.

“His grave might turn out to be a tourist spot.”

Mr Kulikovsky completed his education in Denmark ahead of moving to Australia.

Mr Andropov confirmed the royal had worked in Sydney, living “incognito, no-one knew of his royal heritage”, before travelling around Australia on retirement.

Mr Kulikovsky lived in a caravan park in Katherine and was identified dead, having suffered a heart attack, Mr Andropov said.

Police confirmed he died on September 27.

Subjects: death, darwin-0800

Agen Sabung Ayam

Russian priests pose with pet cats in hit calendar

Posted December 06, 2015 01:08:51

A russian priest with his cat. Photo: The notion of photographing Russian priests with their cats on a calendar was the thought of journalist Ksenia Luchenko. (AFP: Anna Galperina/Artos Fellowship)
Map: Russian Federation

In a uncommon venture into well-liked culture, bearded Russian Orthodox priests have posed as models for a glossy 2016 calendar — cuddling their pet cats.

The calendar place collectively by an Orthodox news website sees 12 smiling priests in dark robes relaxing with their cats — sitting side-by-side on the sofa, or having the pet sprawled on their chest or draped round their shoulders.

It is the 1st calendar to depict priests in such a style, according to a single of the creators, Ksenia Luchenko, a journalist at the Pravmir website who came up with the thought.

She conceded Russia’s potent church was not usually open to such an informal depiction of its clerics.

“That is why we did it ourselves. We’re not linked to official structures,” Ms Luchenko said.

An orthodox priest with his cat. Photo: A Russian Orthodox priest poses with his cat for the 2016 calendar. (AFP: Anna Galperina/Artos Fellowship)

Religious-themed calendars generally just depict holy icons. The calendar is not officially endorsed by the Russian Orthodox Church.

“It is all their own cats — nothing was staged,” Ms Luchenko said of the casting method for the calendar.

“It was whoever had a cat and was prepared to pose for a photo.”

Nonetheless the cat-owning priests in the charming black-and-white shots by Anna Galperina turned out to be “good-searching,” she added.

Senior church spokesman Vsevolod Chaplin told a local radio station it was “not a fantastic sin” but added: “I wouldn’t hang such a calendar on my wall.”

But the notion has won praise from media, with the Komsomolskaya Pravda tabloid writing that “the priests are type and twinkly, and the cats are cute and fluffy”.

The calendar was even covered by Russian Cosmopolitan magazine.

“Not all priests agreed to do it. Not every person desires that type of publicity,” Ms Luchenko stated.

The calendar named “Pop i Kot” or “Priest and Cat” grew out of a photography book project displaying Russian priests in their daily lives, she mentioned.

“By chance we had a photo of a priest with a cat and I thought: why not do a series?” Ms Luchenko said.

The Russian calendar had an initial print run of 1,000 copies but that looks likely to be extended.

Ms Luchenko mentioned numerous churches had ordered them to sell in their shops.

The creators have also planned a presentation with some of the priest models later this month, raising funds for an animal shelter.

Close up of a cat on a calendar Photo: The calendar referred to as “Pop i Kot” or “Priest and Cat” grew out of a photography project showing priests in their every day lives. (AFP: Anna Galperina/Artos Fellowship)


Topics: religion-and-beliefs, community-and-society, animals, offbeat, russian-federation

Agen Sabung Ayam

Erdogan says Turkey has ‘proof’ of Russian involvement in IS oil trade

Posted December 04, 2015 01:00:31

Turkey’s president Recep Tayyip Erdogan says he had proof Russia was involved in illegal oil trade with the Islamic State (IS) group in Syria, countering “immoral” Russian allegations that his own loved ones was importing oil from the jihadists.

The Russian defence ministry on Wednesday accused Mr Erdogan and his household of involvement in the illegal oil trade with IS jihadists following Ankara’s downing of one of Moscow’s warplanes final month which plunged the two countries’ relations into a crisis.

“We have the proof in our hands. We will reveal it to the world,” Mr Erdogan mentioned in a televised address in Ankara.

“Appear, Russia has to prove that the Turkish republic buys oil from Daesh, otherwise this is a slander,” he stated, employing an Arabic acronym for IS extremists.

“The immoral side of this concern is involving my loved ones in the affair.”

Mr Erdogan repeated that he would resign if Moscow proved the allegation and mentioned it was in fact Russians who were involved in oil dealings.

“Who is buying oil [from IS]? Let me say it. George Haswani, holder of a Russian passport and a Syrian national, is one particular of the biggest merchants in this enterprise,” Mr Erdogan stated.

Russian officials hold a press conference Photo: Russian officials sit under a display displaying the Turkish-Syrian border throughout a briefing in Moscow. (AFP: Vasily Maximov)

In November, the US Treasury imposed sanctions on Haswani, who was also placed on an European Union sanctions list, for serving as a middleman for oil purchases by the Syrian regime from the IS group.

Mr Erdogan stated “a popular Russian chess player” was also involved in the oil business with IS, with out giving a name.

“He’s also in this race,” he mentioned.

The new US sanctions also apply to Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, a wealthy Russian businessman and lengthy-standing president of the Planet Chess Federation (FIDE) who was formerly president of the southern Russian region of Kalmykia.


Topics: globe-politics, government-and-politics, terrorism, unrest-conflict-and-war, russian-federation, turkey

Agen Sabung Ayam

Turkey will not apologise for downing Russian fighter jet, PM says

Posted December 01, 2015 00:58:33

Turkey will not apologise for downing a Russian fighter jet on the Syrian border, but Moscow need to reconsider retaliatory sanctions, Turkish prime minister Ahmet Davutoglu says.

“Protection of our airspace, our border is not only a right but a duty for my government and no Turkish premier or president … will apologise [for] undertaking our duty,” Mr Davutoglu told a joint press conference with NATO head Jens Stoltenberg at the alliance’s headquarters.

Mr Davutoglu added that “we hope Russia will reconsider these measures in both our interests”, referring to the sanctions that Moscow imposed right after the shooting down of the jet last week.

“If the Russian side wants to speak, we are ready if they want much more information, we are ready if they want to normalise relations, we are prepared to speak,” he said.

Mr Davutoglu made the announcement right after Russian president Vladimir Putin rejected an invitation to meet his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan on the sidelines of the Paris worldwide climate conference.

Mr Erdogan had known as for face-to-face talks with Mr Putin as Moscow and Ankara trade furious charge and counter-charge more than who was responsible for downing the plane.

Russia’s government on Monday laid out a lot more specifics of retaliatory financial sanctions aimed at denting Turkey’s important tourism and agricultural sectors as Ankara said that it had returned the physique of the pilot to Russia.

Moscow announced it will halt fruit and vegetable imports from Turkey soon after Mr Putin signed a decree over the weekend banning charter flights and the sale of package holidays, and scrapping Russia’s visa-free of charge regime with the country.

Russian prime minister Dmitry Medvedev called the moves a “initial step” as Moscow also stated it would limit Turkish transport firms and tighten controls on construction contracts.

NATO chief Stoltenberg said that while Turkey had each appropriate to defend its airspace, the concentrate now had to be on avoiding any escalation as the allies attempt to forge a frequent front — possibly which includes Russia — against Islamic State (IS) jihadist fighters in Syria and Iraq in the wake of the Paris attacks.

“I welcome Turkish efforts to establish contacts with Russia to de-escalate … it is crucial to stay calm,” Mr Stoltenberg said.

“I urge Russia to play a constructive function in Syria by targeting IS, our widespread enemy,” he added, referring to criticisms by Western nations that Russia has been targeting non-IS opposition forces in Syria.


Topics: unrest-conflict-and-war, planet-politics, government-and-politics, turkey, syrian-arab-republic, russian-federation

Agen Sabung Ayam

Physique of Russian pilot killed in Syria to be returned: Turkish PM

Updated November 29, 2015 23:12:49

The body of a Russian pilot killed when his plane was shot down by Turkey last week will be handed over to a Russian representative soon after becoming retrieved from Syria, Turkish prime minister Ahmet Davutoglu says.

“The pilot who lost his life for the duration of the air violation was received by us on the [Syrian] border last evening,” Mr Davutoglu told reporters in Istanbul, prior to leaving for a meeting with EU leaders in Brussels.

Mr Davutoglu added a Russian official would travel to the southern Hatay area with a Turkish military official soon to claim the body.

The Russian embassy in Turkey told the Russian RIA Novosti news agency that Oleg Peskov’s physique would be flown on Sunday from Hatay in the presence of Russia’s military, attached to an aerodrome in Ankara, exactly where it would be met by the ambassador.

The date and time when the physique would be returned to Russia was still to be confirmed, embassy spokesman Igor Mityakov said.

The man was shot dead in Syria soon after parachuting from the burning aircraft, whilst a second man was discovered protected.

“In accordance with their [Russian] religious tradition, funeral arrangements had been carried out by Orthodox priests in Hatay,” Mr Davutoglu mentioned.

Turkey’s military mentioned the Su-24 bomber was shot down by two of its F-16s after it violated Turkish airspace ten instances inside a five-minute period on Tuesday.

Russia, however, said no warning had been provided and that the aircraft did not violate Turkish airspace, and demanded an apology.

The incident has led to a sharp deterioration of relations, with Moscow, a main trade partner and Turkey’s largest power supplier, on Saturday announcing a package of economic sanctions against Turkey.

“Turkey’s relations with Russia is based on mutual advantage and typical interests. As a result, I urge the Russian authorities to take this into consideration and act in a cool-headed way,” Mr Davutoglu mentioned when asked about the sanctions.

Russian plane violated Israeli-controlled airspace: defence minister

A Russian warplane not too long ago entered Israeli-controlled airspace from Syria, but the intrusion was resolved without incident, Israeli defence minister Moshe Yaalon said on Sunday.

“There was a slight intrusion a mile [1.6 kilometres] deep by a Russian plane from Syria into our airspace, but it was quickly resolved and the Russian plane returned towards Syria,” Mr Yaalon told public radio.

Russian jet shot down by Turkey Photo: Turkey says it issued repeated warnings to a Russian jet it claimed violated its airspace. (Anadolu)

“It was apparently an error by the pilot who was flying close to the Golan.”

Israel seized most of the Golan Heights from Syria in 1967 and later annexed the territory in a move never recognised by the international community.

Mr Yaalon mentioned Israel and Russia had produced arrangements to steer clear of clashes more than Syria, with the agreement mentioned to contain a “hotline” and data sharing.

“Russian planes do not intend to attack us, which is why we need to not automatically react and shoot them down when an error happens,” he stated.

Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Russian president Vladimir Putin held talks in Moscow in September to talk about ways of avoiding accidental clashes.

Russia launched a bombing campaign in Syria on September 30 at the request of its longstanding ally Bashar al-Assad, which Moscow says is targeting Islamic State jihadists and other “terrorist” groups.


Subjects: unrest-conflict-and-war, defence-and-national-safety, air-force, air-and-space, turkey, syrian-arab-republic, russian-federation

Initial posted November 29, 2015 23:11:00

Sabung Ayam On the internet

Downing of Russian jet shows ‘incredibly volatile situation’ in Syria

Updated November 25, 2015 15:24:07

Tensions in between Russia and Turkey are intensifying following Turkish fighter jets shot down a Russian warplane near the Turkish-Syrian border.

Turkey has told the United Nations the warplane violated its air space close to the border area, but Russia has denied that the plane had crossed into Turkish skies.

Russian president Vladimir Putin described the downing of its jet as a “stab in the back” committed by “accomplices of terrorists”.

The ABC’s Middle East correspondent Matt Brown, who is in Syria near the Turkish-Syrian border, appears at the important aspects of the incident.

How could some thing like this have happened?

This is just an additional instance of the extremely volatile scenario the Syrian civil war has thrown up.

You have got Turkey backing the rebel groups and having named for the downfall of Syrian president Bashar al-Assad.

You’ve got Russia in there, bombing all manner of rebel groups. It claims to be focusing on the Islamic State (IS) group but there is constant proof that it is not.

Moscow has been bombing a Turkmen rebel group in the far north-west of Syria, right up near the Turkish border.

In the airspace above Syria, you have got the US-led coalition, such as Australia, bombing targets. You have got the Russians and sometimes you have got the Israelis.

More than the past two days, I’ve been searching up at the sky and seeing the inform-tale contrails of fighter bombers wheeling around in the skies above Hasakah, which is up along the other finish of the Turkish border.

So extremely busy in the skies, quite volatile on the ground, and very volatile between key regional powers.

Is the fate of the pilots still unknown?

There was an early report quoting the Turkmen rebel group in that location exactly where the pilots came down, saying that each Russian pilots have been killed.

They ejected from their aircraft when it was hit.

There is extraordinary footage of it flaming down to the ground.

The rebels claimed they shot the pilots and published a video purportedly showing one particular of them.

But Turkey said the two pilots survived and that they were negotiating for their release.

What are the wider consequences of this?

We’re hearing from Washington that this won’t alter the American bombing campaign targeting IS.

But men and women on the ground right here who have been fighting IS say they are worried that all this tension will somehow disrupt the air campaign.

The air campaign has been vital to hitting every little thing from command posts to suicide car bombers on their way to hit Kurdish militia lines, the folks who are fighting the Islamist jihadists.

So there is some concern there, despite what Washington says.

But along the whole stretch of the Syrian-Turkish border, everyone for a extended time has been aware of the possibilities that planes could be brought down since one was brought down early on in the conflict.

And we’re now hearing from a US-armed rebel group that they shot at a Russian helicopter, forced it to land in Syrian government-controlled territory.

So what has long been a proxy war is piece by piece, step by step, becoming an all out conflict in between major parties, and that is very, really harmful.

Topics: unrest-conflict-and-war, defence-forces, world-politics, turkey, syrian-arab-republic, russian-federation

1st posted November 25, 2015 15:19:43

Agen Sabung Ayam

Russian marine killed in rescue bid

Media captionThe BBC’s John Simpson: “The Turks say they warned the pilot ten instances in 5 minutes”

A Russian marine has been killed on a helicopter mission to rescue the crew of a jet downed by Turkey close to the Syrian border on Tuesday.

He died when his helicopter came beneath fire from rebels in northern Syria, where the plane crashed.

Rebel fire from the ground killed a single of the jet’s two crew members soon after they ejected.

The head of Nato stated it stood in solidarity with Turkey as the Kremlin warned of “significant consequences”.

Turkey mentioned the jet had strayed into its airspace but Russian President Vladimir Putin insisted the Su-24 had been hit by an air-to-air missile even though flying over Syrian territory.

Nato’s Secretary Common Jens Stoltenberg said he backed the Turks’ assessment.

“We stand in solidarity with Turkey and assistance the territorial integrity of our Nato ally, Turkey,” he said soon after an emergency meeting of the bloc. But he also named for each sides to de-escalate the circumstance.

President Putin described the downing of the plane as a “stab in the back”.

Breaking off military contacts with Turkey, Russia’s defence ministry said a cruiser equipped with an air defence program would be deployed in the Mediterranean to destroy “any targets representing a possible danger” for Russian forces in Syria.

Russian bombers carrying out air strikes more than Syria will now be escorted by fighters, the military stated.

Analysis: Mark Lowen, BBC Turkey correspondent

Following Turkey became the 1st Nato member to shoot down a Russian plane in over half a century, the question now is how will Moscow respond?

President Putin named Turkey an “accomplice of terrorists” and Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov cancelled a planned trip to Ankara on Wednesday.

But the UN and Nato have urged both sides to de-escalate the crisis. According to Ankara, the Russian Su-24 was warned ten times about entering Turkish airspace, although Moscow says there was no such communication.

But Turkey also stated the violation lasted just seventeen seconds. And offered signs that a united front was starting to kind against Islamic State, there will be diplomatic pressure on both sides to concentrate alternatively on the common threat from the militants.

The difficult talk from Ankara and Moscow will no doubt continue – but regardless of whether there will be critical retaliation is less clear.

Russian defence official Lt-Gen Sergey Rudskoy said the rest of the rescue group, which had been using two Mi-8 helicopters, had been safely evacuated from the area to Russia’s Humaymim air base close to Latakia in Syria.

“For the duration of the operation, one of the helicopters came below tiny-arms fire, was broken and created an emergency landing on neutral territory,” he said.

“One particular naval infantryman serving below contract was killed.”

Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Turkmen rebels showed off what seem to be components of a parachute near the northern Syrian village of Yamadi

A single of the helicopters was destroyed on the ground by “mortar fire” following generating an emergency landing, the Russian general stated.

Syrian rebels say they blew up the helicopter shortly after it landed with an anti-tank missile, releasing footage of the attack.

The fate of the Russian jet’s other crew member remains unknown.

Russians have been advised not to visit Turkey – a common tourist location – with Foreign Minister Lavrov saying the terror threat there was no significantly less than in Egypt, where a bomb attack brought down a Russian passenger plane final month.

One particular of Russia’s largest tour operators, Natali Tours, has suspended package holidays to Turkey.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said his forces had been acting inside its guidelines of engagement.

Media captionPresident Recep Tayyip Erdogan: ”The actions had been completely in line with Turkey’s rules of engagement”
Media captionRussian President Vladimir Putin says the jet was brought down over Syria

“Everyone must respect the right of Turkey to defend its borders,” he said.

The US, the EU and the UN have all appealed for calm.

President Obama said it was essential to uncover out precisely what had occurred and to take measures to “discourage any type of escalation”.

But he mentioned the incident pointed to an “ongoing difficulty” with Russian action in Syria, saying if Russia had been targeting IS, rather than “moderate” Syrian opposition forces, such incidents would be unlikely.

Russia and Turkey have found themselves on opposing sides in Syria’s conflict, with Russia supporting its ally President Bashar al-Assad and Turkey calling for his ousting.

Bandar Sabung Ayam

Turks ‘down Russian warplane in Syria’

Media captionThe video shows a plane descending rapidly in the sky ahead of disappearing behind trees

The Turkish military have reportedly shot down a Russian military aircraft on the border with Syria.

Russia’s defence ministry stated an Su-24 had crashed on Syrian territory soon after becoming hit by fire from the ground, and that its pilots had managed to eject.

But Turkish military officials stated Turkish F-16s had shot down the plane following repeatedly warning its pilots they were violating Turkish airspace.

Video footage showed the plane crashing into mountains in Latakia province.

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Russia launched an air campaign to bolster Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s government in late September.

Pilot ‘captured’

The Russian defence ministry confirmed on Tuesday morning that a Russian Su-24 had “crashed on Syrian territory, obtaining been hit from the ground” while it was flying at an altitude of six,000m (19,685ft).

“Efforts are getting created to ascertain what happened to the pilots. According to preliminary reports, the pilots have managed to self-eject,” the ministry was quoted as saying by the Interfax news agency.

A feared incident – Jonathan Marcus, BBC defence correspondent

This is exactly the kind of incident that several have feared given that Russia launched its air operations in Syria. The dangers of operating close to to the Turkish border have been all also apparent. Turkish planes have already shot down at least one particular Syrian air force jet and possibly a helicopter as well.

Russia insists that its warplane did not violate Turkish air space. So, was the Russian pilot’s navigation incorrect? Questions will also be asked about the readiness of the Turks to open fire.

It suggests that the significantly discussed arrangements to keep away from incidents amongst warplanes more than Syria are inadequate. The Turkish authorities will no doubt claim that such arrangements do not cover the approaches to their personal airspace where attempted and tested procedures must apply.

There are conflicting reports as to no matter whether it was ground fire or Turkish jets that brought down the Russian plane. Air operations in the crowded skies over Syria just got a very good deal far more complex. The only mitigating issue is that initial reports suggest that two parachutes had been noticed so the Russian crew at least got out of their stricken aircraft. Anticipate diplomatic fireworks.

The ministry stressed that “throughout its flight, the aircraft remained exclusively above Syrian territory”, adding: “Objective monitoring data shows it.”

Nevertheless, Turkish military officials stated its F-16s had fired on an unidentified aircraft soon after warning it 10 instances in the space of five minutes about violating Turkish airspace.

Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Russian Su-24 aircraft based in Latakia province have flown hundreds of sorties over northern Syria

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a UK-primarily based monitoring group, stated the warplane crashed in a mountainous region of Latakia province, exactly where air strikes and fighting amongst rebels and Syrian government forces had been reported earlier on Tuesday.

Qatar-primarily based Al Jazeera Television quoted an ethnic Turkmen rebel group as saying it had captured one particular of the Su-24’s two pilots and were “hunting for the other”.

Russian aircraft have flown hundreds of sorties over northern Syria since September. Moscow says they have targeted only “terrorists”, but activists say its strikes have primarily hit Western-backed rebel groups.

Turkey, a staunch critic of Mr Assad, has warned against violations of its airspace by Russian and Syrian aircraft.

Final month, Ankara stated Turkish F-16s had intercepted a Russian jet that crossed its border and two Turkish jets had been harassed by an unidentified Mig-29.

Bandar Sabung Ayam

Russian television reveals another secret: the Soviet space cannon

Agen Sabung Ayam

The R-23M “space cannon,” revealed to a Russian military television plan at the secret business museum of the KB Tochmash design bureau in Moscow.

Final month, a Russian military show, Voennaya Priemka, revealed a single of the greatest secrets of the Soviet Union’s 1970s space program: the R-23M Space Cannon. A defensive weapon created to counter the threat of American anti-satellite weapons, the R-23M was a 23-millimeter automatic cannon that could be fired in the vacuum of space.

Making use of footage from the show, Anatoly Zak, of RussianSPaceWeb.com, and other people had been able to produce a 3-dimensional model of the R-23M, published yesterday by Popular Mechanics. Fired only after in its lifetime—just as the space station carrying it was preparing to be decommissioned by means of a fiery re-entry—the R-23M served aboard 3 Almaz Orbital Piloted Stations (OPS). The Almaz plan, originally undertaken in the 1960s as a objective-constructed military reconnaissance space station with a reusable crew return module, was folded into the Salyut plan in the 1970s.

The R-23M was based on the tail gun of the Tupolev Tu-22 “Blinder” bomber. It weighed 37 pounds and had a fire rate of above 950 rounds per minute, Zak reported, “blasting 200-gram shells at a velocity of 690 meters per second (1,500 miles per hour). According to veterans of the Almaz project, the space cannon effectively pierced a metal gasoline canister from a mile away in the course of its ground tests.”

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