Tag Archives: South

South African judge lifts domestic ban on rhino horn trade

Posted November 26, 2015 22:03:09

A South African judge has lifted a domestic ban on trade in rhino horns, in a direct challenge to government policy put in spot in 2009 to attempt to stem rocketing poaching numbers.

The judge’s ruling, which was delivered in the Pretoria High Court after two South African game breeders fought a legal battle to overturn the moratorium.

The court decision came ahead of a meeting in Johannesburg subsequent year of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which could lift the international ban.

South Africa’s rhino poaching epidemic saw a record 1,215 rhino killed final year for their horn, and some private rhino breeders say selling legally harvested horns could stifle the profitable black industry trade.

“The moratorium on domestic trade in rhino horns is hereby reviewed and set aside,” mentioned the ruling from judge Francis Legodi.

The environment ministry said no selection had been created on whether or not to appeal against the ruling.

Lifting of the domestic ban in South Africa is not the complete war won, but it is at least a battle that has been won.

South African lawyer Izak du Toi

“Our lawyer is now studying the judgement,” ministry spokeswoman Roopa Singh mentioned.

John Hume and Johan Kruger, the two game breeders who launched the legal action, say it is their constitutional appropriate to sell rhino horn — what they describe as a renewable resource.

“Hopefully this will bring about a change and lead the way to what takes place in September subsequent year at CITES,” said Izak du Toi, a single of Mr Hume’s lawyer

“We think the South African government is seriously contemplating creating a proposal to CITES to permit international trade in rhino horns.

“[Mr Hume] hopes that a legalised trade will lead to a reduction in poaching.

“Lifting of the domestic ban in South Africa is not the whole war won, but it is at least a battle that has been won.”

‘Legal dehorning’ favours organization more than conservation

South Africa is house to about 20,000 rhino, or 80 per cent of the planet population.

The quantity of rhino killed rocketed from 13 in 2007 to 1,215 final year.

The animals are slaughtered by poachers for their horn, which is utilised as a standard medicine in East Asia.

Legally dehorning a rhino would see a farm owner put the animal beneath anaesthesia then saw off the horn, which is composed of keratin, the exact same material as fingernails.

Each horn would demand its personal permit that would be recorded in a database.

“This step is getting deemed for financial rather than conservation reasons,” the Save The Rhino group said in an e-mail.

The judge mentioned that the government had not followed correct legal procedures when implementing the ban and had not consulted the public.

“It is possibly on technical point that the judge ruled in the applicants’ favour,” top anti-trade lobbyist Dex Kotze stated.

“The pro-trade lobby will see it as very a massive win for themselves, but who are they going to sell it to? Simply because at the end of the day, the South African industry doesn’t consume.”

The selection came right after a northern white rhino — 1 of just four remaining worldwide — died on Sunday at the San Diego Zoo in the United States.

AFP

Subjects: animal-welfare, animals, globe-politics, south-africa

Agen Sabung Ayam

Two dead, fears for third in South Australian bushfire

Updated November 25, 2015 20:48:57

Associated Story: Firefighting sources ‘having tiny impact’ on huge SA bushfire

Two people have died in a major bushfire north of Adelaide and there are unconfirmed reports of a third death, South Australian Premier Jay Weatherill has said.

One body was found in a paddock close to Pinery and a body was also found in a auto near Hamley Bridge.

The unconfirmed report is of a fatality near Freeling right after a automobile was reported to have hit a tree.

Much more to come.

1st posted November 25, 2015 20:42:32

Agen Sabung Ayam

Kim Young-sam, Former President of South Korea, Dies at 87

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Kim Young-sam waving in the course of a parade on Feb. 25, 1993, in Seoul, soon after getting sworn in as South Korea’s 14th president. Credit Yonhap/European Pressphoto Agency

SEOUL, South Korea — Kim Young-sam, the former president of South Korea who replaced the final of the country’s military leaders, purged politicized generals and introduced a landmark reform aimed at transparency in financial transactions, died on Sunday. He was 87.

Mr. Kim, who was president from 1993 to 1998, died of septicemia and heart failure, stated Oh Byung-hee, the chief of Seoul National University Hospital, where Mr. Kim was admitted with a fever on Friday. He had been treated for a series of strokes and pneumonia in current years.

Mr. Kim, an outspoken critic of military dictators from the 1960s by means of the 1980s, was a single of the “three Kims” — the other folks were former President Kim Dae-jung and former Prime Minister Kim Jong-pil — who played major roles, often relying on regional help from their home provinces, in the course of South Korea’s turbulent transition from dictatorship to democracy.

Mr. Kim was born in 1927, a son of a wealthy anchovy fisherman on Geoje Island, off the southeast coast of South Korea, throughout a time when all of the Korean Peninsula was a Japanese colony. He was elected to Parliament at age 26 and created a following as an opposition leader famed for his daring criticism of Park Chung-hee, who seized power in a coup in 1961 and tortured and imprisoned dissidents prior to his assassination in 1979.

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Kim Young-sam dragged off by plainclothes policemen in Seoul in 1986. Mr. Kim was an outspoken critic of military dictators from the 1960s via the 1980s. Credit Heesoon Yim/Agence France-Presse — Getty Pictures

Mr. Park had Mr. Kim expelled from Parliament for criticizing his dictatorship in the course of an interview with The New York Times in 1979. Mr. Kim’s colleagues resigned from Parliament in protest, and massive antigovernment demonstrations broke out in Mr. Kim’s political residence ground in the southeast. Mr. Park was assassinated by his spy chief later that year.

Mr. Kim’s travails continued when Mr. Park was replaced by Chun Doo-hwan, an army main general who engineered a coup to fill the power vacuum left by his patron’s death. Mr. Kim was barred from politics and put under property arrest. He once staged a 23-day hunger strike.

“Dawn will come even if the rooster is strangled,” he when said, a saying that became a catchphrase for Koreans’ yearning for democracy.

Mr. Kim was as effectively recognized for a lifetime rivalry with Kim Dae-jung, a fellow opposition leader from the southwest Jeolla area. They both ran for president in 1987 in South Korea’s 1st democratic election and split the opposition vote, permitting Mr. Chun’s handpicked successor, Roh Tae-woo, another former army basic, to win.

In 1990, Mr. Kim merged his celebration with Mr. Roh’s military-backed governing celebration in a move widely condemned as a betrayal of pro-democracy forces. The merger was a political marriage of convenience: Mr. Roh wanted a parliamentary majority, and Mr. Kim, who distrusted Kim Dae-jung as significantly as he detested the military dictators, believed that he would never ever win the presidency as lengthy as the other Mr. Kim competed with him for the opposition vote.

When in the governing party, whose leading hierarchy integrated a lot of former generals, Mr. Kim and his followers, vastly outnumbered by rival factions but all seasoned veterans in party politics, rapidly expanded their ranks and dominated the celebration.

Mr. Kim beat Kim Dae-jung in the 1992 election to become the initial civilian leader in South Korea in much more than 3 decades.

Although he won the election with the support of the military-backed party, Mr. Kim did not overlook his roots. He purged a clique of politically ambitious army officers who went by the name Hanahoe, which roughly meant “an association of one-for-all, all-for-one particular.” Bound by their regional prejudices and sponsored by the military dictators, the members of the group were so potent they blackmailed — and even beat up — members of Parliament. The officers had been forced to retire.

Mr. Kim’s military purge culminated in the arrest and conviction of Mr. Chun and Mr. Roh on mutiny and corruption charges for their roles in the 1979 coup and a bloody crackdown on a pro-democracy uprising in the following year, as effectively as for collecting hundreds of millions of dollars every in bribes from businessmen. (Mr. Kim later pardoned them and released them from prison.)

Mr. Kim also barred South Koreans from owning bank accounts below pseudonyms. That adjust is regarded one particular of the most essential landmarks in South Korea’s lengthy-operating campaign against corruption bank accounts below borrowed names had been extensively employed by politicians and businessmen to hide slush funds.

But Mr. Kim’s time in workplace was also marked by missed possibilities.

In his memoir, Mr. Kim said he persuaded President Bill Clinton to cancel the United States’ plan to bomb North Korea’s nuclear facilities in 1994 for fear of war.

“Looking back,” Mr. Kim stated in an interview in 2009, “I consider the North Koreans believe they can say whatever they want simply because no matter what they do, the Americans will by no means attack them.”

The 1994 nuclear crisis was defused when former President Jimmy Carter met with the North Korean leader at the time, Kim Il-sung, in Pyongyang, the North’s capital, and brokered what would have been the first summit meeting between the leaders of the two Koreas. But Kim Il-sung died of heart failure in July 1994, two weeks before the meeting was scheduled to take location. ”Fate played a trick on me,” Mr. Kim said. “If I had met Kim Il-sung, I would have changed the nation’s history.”

The achievement that had eluded him — becoming the 1st South Korean leader to hold a summit meeting with the North — went to his rival and successor, Kim Dae-jung. In 2000, Kim Dae-jung flew to Pyongyang and met with Kim Jong-il, Kim Il-sung’s son and successor. That year, Kim Dae-jung was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

By the time Kim Young-sam ended his 5-year term in early 1998, he was a sad, disgraced lame duck.

In 1997, South Korea’s proud economy swallowed the humiliation of a $ 58 billion bailout from the International Monetary Fund during the Asian financial crisis. Mr. Kim was criticized for failing to stop the crisis by overhauling the country’s effective household-run conglomerates, which had expanded on reckless borrowing and with cozy ties to the government.

With thousands of men and women losing their jobs, Mr. Kim stopped jogging in the early morning, a daily routine that he had never ever missed until then.

Mr. Kim’s reputation was additional tarnished with the arrest of a son on corruption charges. His governing party was so unpopular that South Koreans have been ready to hand over energy to the opposition for the first time, as they did with the election of Kim Dae-jung in late 1997.

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