Tag Archives: States

Only five US states spared from mass shootings this year: monitor

Posted December 13, 2015 13:41:12

Only five US states were not impacted by the bloody, perpetual series of mass shootings in the nation this year, according to a site that tracks gun violence.

Important points

  • Only 5 states in the US did not record a mass shooting this year, according to tracking internet site
  • States had been Hawaii, New Hampshire, North Dakota, West Virginia and Wyoming
  • All events that killed or wounded at least 4 people had been counted
  • Specialists say the 5 states were “lucky” and had accomplished nothing revolutionary to stop shootings

As of December two, 353 mass shootings have killed 462 individuals in 220 cities, according to the Shooting Tracker web site, which counts all events that have killed or wounded at least four individuals.

A total of 1,317 men and women were wounded following adjusting for the newest toll from the last mass shooting, which saw a husband and wife couple kill 14 and wound 22 in San Bernardino, California, the deadliest such tragedy in 3 years.

If there is no slowdown to this frenetic pace, there will be as a lot of such traumatic deadly events as there are days in the year. Or more.

Hawaii, New Hampshire, North Dakota, West Virginia and Wyoming alone have been spared such macabre fate.

Experts debate whether the states had been spared thanks to coincidence or if circumstances there make them a haven of peace.

All of them except West Virginia have not noticed a single mass shooting considering that 2013, when the internet site initial started its count primarily based not on official figures but on reports obtained from media reports and other sources.

The outcome owes in portion to the relatively low population density in these states, professionals say.

Wyoming, house to 584,000 people, is the least populous state, according to 2014 estimates from the US Census.

None of them have accomplished anything innovative or successful to avoid mass shootings, it just takes place to be … [a] coincidence.

Professor Adam Winkler, UCLA College of Law

North Dakota, with 739,500 folks, is the fourth least populated state, ranking 47th out of 50 general by population.

“Naturally, we would count on that states with smaller populations would have fewer mass shootings, on average,” University of Alabama criminologist Adam Lankford said.

The most populous state, California with 38.8 million folks, had 25 shootings, the second largest number this year.

Florida, which counted 27 shootings, the most of any state, has a population of 19.9 million, producing it the third most populated state.

Lack of shootings in five states a ‘coincidence’

The 5 states are also amongst the most rural. Most lack significant cities, except for Hawaii, with Honolulu obtaining a population of about 375,000.

Professor Lankford said men and women in the four states have been significantly less most likely to reside in cities than these in most other US states.

“This affects their threat and probability of experiencing a mass shooting,” he said.

“Even though college and workplace shootings do happen in towns and other rural locations, there are several types of mass shootings that largely happen in cities, such as mass shootings that arise from gang violence, organised crime, and other criminal activity.”

None of these five states, except for Hawaii, has adopted strict gun handle legislation, and it is usually simpler to personal 1 there than elsewhere in the United States.

Wyoming namely does not regulate the transfer or possession of machine guns and no state permit is necessary to purchase a rifle, shotgun or handgun.

That earns it an “F” from the San Francisco-based Law Centre to Avert Gun Violence, an advocacy group. North Dakota and West Virginia also get that lowest attainable grade.

New Hampshire fared just a hair better, with a D-.

Hawaii, in contrast, got a B+, due to the fact of its license and registration needs, ban on assault weapons and massive capacity ammunition magazines, youngster access prevention specifications and restriction on openly carrying of handguns and lengthy guns.

There have been quite a few shootings in those 5 states, but always fewer than four victims.

“None of them have carried out anything innovative or successful to avoid mass shootings, it just happens to be … [a] coincidence,” mentioned Adam Winkler of the UCLA College of Law.

AFP

Subjects: murder-and-manslaughter, law-crime-and-justice, crime, government-and-politics, united-states

Agen Sabung Ayam

Tasmanian Aboriginals celebrate state’s most important land hand-back

Posted December 10, 2015 18:54:28

Tasmania’s Aboriginal community has celebrated 20 years since the most considerable land hand-back in the state’s history.

In December 1995, title to 12 parcels of land was handed back to Aboriginal elders by then Liberal Premier Ray Groom.

The land included Risdon Cove, also referred to as piyura kitana, on Hobart’s eastern shore.

Twenty years on, the Aboriginal community returned to the place to celebrate.

“It is an critical time to acknowledge the folks who, and the neighborhood who, contributed to the land returns, and the elders that accepted the titles here,” said neighborhood member Adam Thompson.

Michael Beaton was working at the Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre in 1995.

There’s a lot of Crown land left in Tasmania and that land is our land. We’re asking the present Government [to] give us the autonomy over these lands.

Trudy Maluga

“It was a fantastic achievement for the community and it was a community effort to get the land back,” Mr Beaton said.

The common public have been invited to take guided walks on the land and to see how it is being managed.

“We are capable of searching following our land, and we do it in a peaceful and cultural manner,” mentioned State Secretary of the Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre Trudy Maluga.

“The healing method and the tactics that we’ve learnt along the way are useful to all people,” she stated.

Land hand-backs in Tasmania

  • 1995 – 12 parcels of land, such as Risdon Cove – piyura kitina
  • 1999 – Wybalenna on Flinders Island
  • 2005 – Cape Barren Island – Truwanna
  • 2005 – Clarke Island – Lungtalanana

Ms Maluga mentioned Risdon Cove was a place of celebration but also of sorrow.

“It was a massacre website for our men and women,” she mentioned.

Risdon Cove was the 1st internet site selected for British settlement in Tasmania in 1803 by Lieutenant John Bowen.

It was abandoned the following year in favour of Sullivans Cove from which Hobart sprang.

Premier urged to act on guarantee of a lot more returns

Premier Ray Groom hands over land deed in 1995 Photo: In 1995, Premier Ray Groom handed back 12 parcels of land. (ABC News)

The Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre utilized Thursday’s occasion to call for more land returns from the State Government.

Given that Cape Barren and Clarke Islands were returned in 2005 there have been no legislated hand-backs.

“We will usually contact for more land,” stated Ms Maluga.

“There is a lot of Crown land left in Tasmania and that land is our land.

“We’re asking the present Government and future governments to take that into consideration and give us the autonomy more than these lands.

“To heal them, to bring our youth there, to teach them and share all of our expertise with the broader community.”

Premier Will Hodgman stated his Government has committed to “reset” the partnership with Aboriginal Tasmanians.

“That contains in a quantity of regions, hand-backs, land management systems, new techniques of ensuring that Tasmanian Aboriginal people have access to the land with which they have a powerful connection,” he said.

“He’s been saying that considering that he’s been elected,” mentioned Ms Maluga.

“It’s about time he truly shows us how he intends to do that.”

Topics: indigenous-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander, aboriginal, hobart-7000

Agen Sabung Ayam

States can take lead more than climate alter action: Weatherill

Posted December 05, 2015 09:18:34

States and regions have the capacity to tackle climate adjust even if national governments discover it hard to attain agreements, South Australia’s Premier Jay Weatherill has mentioned.

Mr Weatherill and other provincial leaders met UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon in Paris on Friday as talks continued in the French capital on a worldwide climate deal.

He stated sub-national governments had been a major force in tackling climate change.

“Territory and regional governments are investing in their transport systems, their energy systems, and their waste systems,” Mr Weatherill stated.

“It falls to state and regional governments and cities to take these methods because there’s been so much paralysis at an international level in action on global warming.”

South Australia is 1 of the chairs of the Climate Group States and Regions Alliance, which contains Victoria, New South Wales, the ACT, as well as several Canadian provinces, American states and European regions.

Mr Weatherill mentioned the meeting was told of South Australia’s program to turn into carbon neutral by 2050.

“We’re already out there carrying out it, and if there are troubles in national governments reaching these agreements, then we can attain agreements at a sub-national government level and get on with the enterprise of really taking on international warming.”

Mr Weatherill’s delegation will be in Paris till Tuesday, and he will be speaking at other international forums.

“We want to offer ourselves as a test bed for new technologies and new concepts that will not only lead us in the fight against worldwide warming, but develop the jobs of the future,” he said.

Subjects: climate-adjust, atmosphere, france, adelaide-5000, sa

Agen Sabung Ayam

States Lead Effort to Let Pharmacists Prescribe Birth Control

Groundbreaking laws in two Western states will quickly make access to birth control easier for millions of females by allowing them to obtain contraceptives from pharmacists without a doctor’s prescription.

Even as the Supreme Court prepares to consider however an additional divisive case involving access to contraception, public overall health advocates hope these arrangements could spread across the country, as states grappling with persistently high prices of unintended pregnancy seek to enhance access to birth handle with measures that so far have been unavailable below federal law.

Most Western countries call for a doctor’s prescription for hormonal contraceptives like pills, patches and rings, but starting sometime in the subsequent handful of months, ladies in California and Oregon will be capable to receive these varieties of birth manage by getting a prescription directly from the pharmacist who dispenses them, a a lot more practical and potentially significantly less costly selection than going to the medical professional.

Pharmacists will be authorized to prescribe contraceptives following a rapid screening method in which ladies fill out a questionnaire about their overall health and medical histories. The contraceptives will be covered by insurance, as they are now.

The laws are the most recent work to make birth handle much more accessible, a longstanding aim of healthcare experts and policy makers. But in contrast to other recent debates over contraception — which includes the firestorm over the Obama administration’s requirement beneath the Inexpensive Care Act that all wellness plans spend for contraceptives — these legislative efforts have been largely cost-free of political rancor.

“I feel strongly that this is what’s ideal for women’s health in the 21st century, and I also feel it will have repercussions for decreasing poverty due to the fact 1 of the crucial factors for females in poverty is unintended pregnancy,” mentioned State Representative Knute Buehler, a Republican who sponsored Oregon’s aw.

About half of the six.six million pregnancies annually in the United States are unintended, a larger proportion than in Europe.

Reproductive well being groups and medical associations increasingly say the ultimate purpose ought to be to make contraceptives obtainable with no a prescription, and some worry that the push for pharmacist-prescribed contraceptives could thwart that. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists is one of the couple of groups to express opposition to these laws, arguing that hormonal contraceptives must be obtainable solely more than the counter.

“My basic tenet is there need to be no one among the patient and the pill,” stated Dr. Mark DeFrancesco, the president of the organization. “I’m afraid we’re going to create a new model that becomes a barrier between that and more than the counter. I be concerned that it is going to derail the over-the-counter movement.”

But supporters of more than-the-counter contraceptives acknowledge that acquiring Food and Drug Administration approval could take a long time simply because the agency typically calls for extra research.

Price is one more achievable drawback of over-the-counter sales. The Affordable Care Act does not explicitly call for plans to cover over-the-counter medicines, so girls may possibly wind up paying hundreds of dollars a year for over-the-counter birth control rather of getting it totally free with a prescription.

A bill introduced in Congress in Might by Republican senators would support expedite the procedure in which contraceptive companies apply to the Meals and Drug Administration for over-the-counter approval, but some Democrats and women’s groups say it may well ultimately minimize birth manage use due to the fact it does not specify insurance coverage for more than-the-counter strategies. In response, Democrats have introduced a bill stipulating that contraceptives would stay covered if they were to turn out to be obtainable with no a prescription.

In the absence of federal action, states are stepping in.

Jill Vincik, a higher school teacher who recently moved to Bend, Ore., mentioned that getting capable to get her birth manage pills with no a doctor’s appointment would make her life easier.

“I would surely take benefit of it,” said Ms. Vincik, 37, a single mother, who noted that she had a gynecological exam before moving and had not however located a gynecologist in Oregon. “I shouldn’t be in a position to have to go to a doctor when my pills run out. I’m not going to do an additional Pap smear I just did 1.”

Advocates of this approach, such as pharmacists’ organizations, plan to lobby for it across the nation. “We are actively going to come up with a statute to spread to other states, and I feel it can spread quite speedily,” stated Mr. Buehler, the Oregon legislator, who is also an orthopedist. Pharmacy board representatives from states such as Arizona and Idaho observed a recent meeting in Oregon about the new rules.

A New Mexico proposal that failed in 2012 is anticipated to be revised to reflect the Oregon and California measures, said Dale Tinker, the executive director of the New Mexico Pharmacists Association. Raley’s, a grocery retailer and pharmacy chain with 80 stores in Northern California and 16 in Nevada, is urging Nevada to adhere to California’s lead, stated Lee Worthy, the chain’s vice president for pharmacy and wellness.

“It’s going to take a lot of the barriers away from that underserved community that we see surrounding every single retailer,” Mr. Worthy said.

Numerous reproductive wellness experts have come to help pharmacist-prescribed contraceptives, persuaded that pharmacists can safely dispense contraception without a doctor’s prescription and that girls can assess their health dangers on questionnaires.

“There’s a increasing body of evidence that there isn’t a security concern,” stated Dr. Daniel Grossman, vice president for analysis at Ibis Reproductive Well being and a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of California, San Francisco. “There are research displaying that girls can actually accurately determine the conditions that make it proper to use particular contraceptives, employing a straightforward checklist.”

Some men and women have argued that a need for contraception brings females to the doctor, ensuring that they get other critical screening tests, like Pap smears to detect cervical cancer. But Dr. Nancy Stanwood, an obstetrician and chairwoman of the board of Physicians for Reproductive Overall health, mentioned a study of Texas ladies who received more than-the-counter contraceptives in Mexico had discovered that numerous nonetheless visited physicians for Pap smears. And she noted that Pap smears had been now recommended every single 3 years, not annually, and not till ladies turn 21.

“We have been holding pregnancy prevention hostage to cancer screening,” Dr. Stanwood mentioned. “They’re both worthwhile goals, but 1 should not be held hostage to the other.”

The new laws are extensions of arrangements now identified in almost each state: collaborative practice laws that let pharmacists to administer vaccines or prescribe particular medicines if they have agreements with physicians or other health providers. The laws differ widely, and some include only distinct ailments or drugs. But in some locations, like Washington State and Washington, D.C., collaborative practice laws are broad enough for pharmacists to prescribe birth control if their doctor agreements permit it.

In Seattle, Beverly Schaefer, a co-owner of Katterman’s Sand Point Pharmacy, has a physician’s permission to prescribe different medicines, such as antibiotics and antihistamines. She charges a $ 35 charge, and will prescribe hormonal contraceptives for women who say they have previously been prescribed them.

So far, those clients have usually been college students who “haven’t planned ahead and are like, ‘Oh, my god, I don’t have any contraceptives,’” she said. “I also see it in some approaches as being much more comfortable for ladies since it is a less clinical environment.”

But arrangements like this have been sporadic, authorities say, simply because arranging doctor agreements can be time-consuming, and females frequently do not know which pharmacies have them.

1 unanswered query, however, is whether or not insurers will spend for the time pharmacists commit reviewing women’s questionnaires or helping evaluate options. To cover that cost, some pharmacists may charge fees of $ 25 or much more, which could be an obstacle for some ladies.

The laws in Oregon and California differ in some ways. California’s has no age restriction the Oregon law needs that teenagers below 18 receive their very first contraceptive prescription from a medical professional. In California, pharmacists will also most most likely have to take women’s blood stress for contraceptives containing estrogen.

Dr. Stanwood of Physicians for Reproductive Wellness described these states as “incubators, which may possibly finish up getting a model at the national level.”

She stated, “We want to feel outside of that old-fashioned box that just doesn’t apply to women’s lives now.”

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