Tag Archives: World’s

Explorer to trek 1,300km by means of world’s largest desert

By freelance reporter Marcus George in Salalah, Oman

Posted December 14, 2015 16:07:47

Oman walk Photo: Mark Evans and Omani colleagues Mohammed al-Zadjali and Amour bin Ali bin Majeed Al Wahaibi have begun a 1,300km journey on foot across the Empty Quarter. (Supplied: Marcus George)

The preparing is over, the farewells stated and the adventure has begun. 3 men walk purposefully across the wide, dusty plain that stretches towards a crest of hills surrounding the town of Salalah in the deep south of Oman.

I am here for day one particular of an intrepid 1,300-kilometres journey by Oman-based British explorer Mark Evans and two Omani colleagues who are attempting to cross the Empty Quarter — Rub al Khali in Arabic.

It is the world’s biggest sand desert and stretches across the southern Arabian peninsula.

The group is retracing the route taken by a fairly unknown British civil servant, Bertram Thomas, in 1930. He overcame threats from warring tribes and scarce water supplies to make the epic journey from Salalah by means of Saudi Arabia to the tiny Gulf kingdom of Qatar.

In carrying out so, Thomas is believed to be the very first westerner to have crossed the desert. Thomas served in numerous roles in the area and was appointed finance minister of Oman.

It was in that capacity he undertook his historic crossing, documenting the desert’s animals, inhabitants and culture.

Like Thomas, the current expedition consists of camels, but they will also have the benefit of two help autos to aid carry supplies.

The hospitality is incredible. There’s no such point as popping in for a quick cup of tea in Oman.

British explorer Mark Evans

If they are apprehensive, it does not show.

“The ideal bit of the journey starts here,” Evans says passionately as he walks.

“Absolutely nothing can change now. We have almost everything we need to have for 50 days. We have this wonderful landscape ahead of us and we should embrace it.”

But there are significant challenges ahead, from sandstorms to navigating their way by way of massive dunes. They will also require to make sure the wellbeing of their camels.

Evans is concerned they might not be sturdy enough.

Crucially, the group can not transport all the water they will need to have and will have to resupply en route from a number of desert wells. Thomas employed the very same wells in 1930.

“The wells are our stepping stone across the Empty Quarter but we have no notion whether they still hold water and if they do, if it really is potable for the camels and ourselves,” Evans says bluntly.

Generating the most of modern day tools

Mark Evans in Oman Photo: Mark Evans and his colleagues follow in the footsteps of Bertram Thomas (Supplied: Marcus George)

Carrying modern-day communications equipment, the group — which contains Omani nationals Mohammed al-Zadjali and Amour bin Ali bin Majeed Al Wahaibi — knows it can get in touch with for emergency air supplies if necessary.

There was no such guarantee for Thomas in 1930, who had to survive on restricted food and water. Completing his journey was above and beyond all else, a matter of pure survival.

Now four days into the journey and the group is in very good condition, Evans tells the ABC.

In the early stages, they will be walking no much more than 15km a day to guard against exhaustion.

“Things are going genuinely effectively. I am feeling fitter and stronger than I have in years,” Evans says.

By Thursday they will be in Shisr, an outpost on the edge of the Empty Quarter where they are expecting a massive welcome from the neighborhood tribe ahead of they enter the desert correct.

Evans says they’ve been well received on each quit and have met relatives of the guides who accompanied Thomas in 1930.

“The hospitality is extraordinary. There’s no such point as popping in for a fast cup of tea in Oman,” he says.

It is maybe the greatest contrast to Thomas’s journey, who was often on guard against attacks from hostile tribes, especially about watering holes.

“If any enemy is currently in possession, there is a decision amongst hasty retreat tormented by thirst and worry of pursuit or a fight for possession,” Thomas wrote at the time.

Oman happy to lend a hand

Omani colleagues of British explorer Mark Evans prepare camels for his expedition. Photo: Mark Evan’s Omani colleagues prepare camels for his expedition. (Supplied: Marcus George)

A fantastic challenge for the present expedition was obtaining permission to cross the Rub al Khali. The desert encompasses components of Saudi Arabia, Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

Attempting the journey would have been inconceivable with out the backing of the Omani authorities. They recognised an chance to stimulate interest among Omani youth in the country’s desert heritage.

And the Omani government’s targets don’t quit there. The expedition is also offering a opportunity to emphasise Oman’s extended-established diplomacy across a area plagued by tensions and conflicts.

For decades, the Sultanate of Oman has maintained its independence from the rest of the Gulf countries enabling it to take on a crucial mediation part in talks between the US and Iran and among Yemen’s government and pro-Iran Houthi rebels who have taken over huge sections of that country.

“We in the Arabian peninsula are part of a single big family,” says the secretary general of Oman’s ministry of foreign affairs, Sayyed Badr bin Hamad Al Busaidi, selecting his words meticulously.

“This [expedition] is also reasserting that very same message of peace and enjoy and continuing to develop cooperation and move the complete area on for better days to come,” he stated.

Topics: folks, neighborhood-and-society, human-interest, oman

Agen Sabung Ayam

World’s richest 10pc produce half of global carbon emissions: Oxfam

Posted December 03, 2015 00:57:17

The richest 10 per cent of folks make half of Earth’s climate-harming fossil-fuel emissions whilst the poorest half contribute a mere ten per cent, a new study kind British charity Oxfam says.

Oxfam published the numbers as negotiators from 195 nations met in Paris to wrangle over a climate rescue pact.

Disputes more than how to share responsibility for curbing greenhouse-gas emissions and aiding climate-vulnerable countries are amongst the thorniest and longest-operating issues in the 25-year-old UN climate approach.

“Wealthy, high emitters must be held accountable for their emissions, no matter exactly where they live,” Oxfam climate policy head Tim Gore said in a statement.

“But it really is easy to forget that swiftly establishing economies are also home to the majority of the world’s really poorest folks and whilst they have to do their fair share, it is wealthy nations that need to still lead the way.”

The report stated that an typical particular person among the richest 1 per cent emits 175 times much more carbon than his or her counterpart among the bottom 10 per cent.

Rich and building nations stay deeply divided on the issue of “differentiation”, or how to share out responsibility for curbing greenhouse gas emissions, which derive mostly from burning coal, oil and gas.

Developing nations say the West has polluted for a lot longer and should shoulder a larger obligation for cutting back.

They also demand assurances of finance to support them shift to less-polluting renewable power, shore up defences against climate impacts such as sea level rise, droughts and superstorms, and to cover harm that can’t be avoided.

“We hope sophisticated nations will assume ambitious targets and pursue them sincerely. It really is not just a query of historical duty — they also have the most space to make the cuts and make the strongest effect,” Indian prime minister Narendra Modi told Monday’s opening of the summit by globe leaders.

Yet many wealthy nations, led by the United States, reject the concept of a “bifurcated” strategy with obligations placed on 1 group of nations, and not the other.

They point to the danger of carbon emissions, as measured by volume, rather than per capita, from emerging giants such as China and India.

Oxfam said its analysis “helps dispel the myth that citizens in swiftly developing nations are somehow most to blame for climate adjust.”

AFP

Subjects: climate-modify, charities, environment, community-and-society, france

Agen Sabung Ayam

SA plans to make Adelaide ‘world’s very first carbon neutral city’

Posted November 29, 2015 16:14:56

Protestors march at a climate change rally in Adelaide. Photo: People march at a climate change rally in Adelaide, as the Premier sets a target for the city to be carbon neutral by 2050. (ABC News: Malcolm Sutton)

Adelaide will be a carbon neutral city by 2050 if a South Australian Government technique to tackle climate modify is successful.

Premier Jay Weatherill released the State Government’s vision for the “the world’s first carbon neutral city” as up to 6,000 marched in Adelaide as part of world-wide rallies for action on climate change ahead of international talks in Paris.

The reported predicted temperatures will rise by up to 1.5 degrees Celsius and rainfall would decrease by up to 12 per cent in parts of the state by 2050, like in the Mid-North and Yorke Peninsula area.

Rainfall was anticipated to lower by ten per cent across the Murray-Darling Basin.

We want South Australia to be the just transition capital of the planet, making certain a fair and equitable transition to a low carbon economy.

SA Premier Jay Weatherill

“We have currently begun the transition to a low carbon economy and have demonstrated that it is attainable to decouple economic development from emissions,” Mr Weatherill said in the report’s introduction.

“Among 1990 and 2012/2013 we lowered our emissions by 9 per cent whilst growing the economy by over 60 per cent.

“We have the ability to generate virtually all of our power from clean and renewable sources and export this power to the rest of Australia.”

The report said the Government would accomplish its target by playing a “critical role in supporting the neighborhood and industry in the transition to a low carbon economy”.

“The Government also has a responsibility to provide policy certainty for company and sector, establish constant and effective regulatory frameworks, and, as climate modify leader, to collaborate with other sub-national governments to facilitate international action,” it mentioned.

The report said nearby governments would be at the “front line”, and would create local policy and “operational options”.

It stated the private sector would “drive innovation and development clean tech options” if it was supported by the proper “fiscal policies and regulatory settings”.

Mr Weatherill said the alter from traditional to low carbon industries would be felt by those workers and communities who relied upon them.

“We require to support the community and workers by way of this alter,” he stated.

“We want South Australia to be the just transition capital of the planet, making certain a fair and equitable transition to a low carbon economy.”

The report foreshadowed an increase in bushfires, heatwaves and floods in SA, with altering rainfall patterns and higher evaporation prices expected to challenge the state’s water supplies.

Topics: climate-adjust, community-organisations, environmental-health, federal—state-issues, state-parliament, adelaide-5000, sa

Sabung Ayam On-line

World’s biggest polluter wants to lead fight against climate change

Posted November 29, 2015 07:00:37

A man walks past a power plant in eastern Beijing. Photo: Provincial governments in China have issued 155 permits for new coal-fired power plants, despite the country’s efforts to reduce emissions. (ABC: Bill Birtles)

Regardless of pumping as a lot carbon dioxide into the atmosphere as the subsequent four biggest polluters combined, China will use this week’s UN conference in Paris to stake a worldwide leadership claim on climate modify.

Six years on from the disappointing Copenhagen conference, exactly where China was seen by the West as largely impeding a binding agreement, Beijing is bringing a raft of ambitious commitments to the table.

Smog covers downtown Beijing Photo: A heavy smog covers Beijing. (ABC: Stephen McDonell)

Chief among them, a state-led investment drive for renewables with an aim of sourcing 20 per cent of the country’s power requirements from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.

Accompanying that is a pledge to peak the nation’s carbon dioxide emissions by about 2030, and to lessen carbon emission intensity by up to 65 per cent in the identical period.

Li Yuan, the CEO of China Merchants New Power Group [the green power arm of a main state-owned enterprise] mentioned the planet has “already witnessed China’s speed in developing its green power industry”.

“Final year’s speed was the quickest. This year we’ve reached the highest capacity construction of wind energy and solar energy in the globe.”

China in 2014 spent about $ 115 billion on solar and wind power, and other types of renewable power, putting it far ahead of the European Union and the United States for investment.

In a sign of how eager Beijing is to invest, Mr Li’s firm has gone from operating one solar energy plant to running 46 of them in 3 years.

Questions raised more than pilot emissions trading scheme

Another pledge China has announced includes the creation of a national carbon emissions trading scheme by 2017.

Pilot applications have been trialled in seven cities, but in at least a single of them, Shenzhen, permit trading has been sluggish since of the slowing economy and an oversupply of permits.

That has raised inquiries about the effectiveness of the national scheme after it has been launched.

Large solar panels are seen in a solar power plant in northwest China Photo: China spent $ 155 billion on renewable energy final year. (AFP: China Out)

Further concerns are becoming raised about China’s heavy reliance on coal.

A current revision of national coal use figures revealed the government had been underreporting the quantity of coal getting used for energy every single year by as much as 600 million tonnes, or 17 per cent of the country’s total use.

And despite power demand dropping off in line with a slowing economy, a Greenpeace study revealed provincial governments have issued 155 permits for new coal-fired power plants.

“If those power plants are constructed in the future, they will create 6 per cent of the annual carbon dioxide emissions of China. So that will pose a great threat to the Chinese effort for meeting the objectives of cutting coal and cutting carbon emissions,” Greenpeace East Asia campaigner Dong Liansai said.

China’s president Xi Jinping will address the opening ceremony of the Paris conference, but Chinese officials have said they will not be bringing any added pledges to the table.

The country’s prime climate negotiator Xie Zhenhua cautioned that China’s economy and continual pursuit of stability would be factored in to the government’s plans.

“We are taking all the proper actions to solve this problem [climate change]. But right now, in accordance with our existing stage of development, China’s current scenario need to consider the stability of the economy, the employment of workers,” he mentioned.

“So we may well need to work to execute our objective step by step.”

Topics: pollution, air-pollution, atmosphere, climate-change, planet-politics, china, france

Agen Sabung Ayam